History Buzz: October 2007

History Buzz

By Bonnie K. Goodman

Ms. Goodman is the Editor/Features Editor at HNN. She has a Masters in Library and Information Studies from McGill University, and has done graduate work in history at Concordia University.

October 28, 2007

GERALD FORD & “Write It When I’m Gone”:
JACQUES BARZUN, 100TH BIRTHDAY:
PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN 2008 WATCH:
  • Robert Dallek on “How Giuliani tried to control his NYC legacy”: “That’s always a problem. You have to ask, ‘Are they holding anything back?’ unless you can prove them wrong, you’ve just got to accept it at face value.” – Chicago Tribune, 10-28-07
  • Michael Wallace on “How Giuliani tried to control his NYC legacy”: “There should always be an asterisk next to any citation of the Giuliani papers, saying … ‘The chain of public custody of these documents was broken,’ He had to be sued repeatedly to get him to disclose even the most inoffensive material. Somebody with that kind of track record, you don’t want to turn over to him the task of archiving his papers.” – Chicago Tribune, 10-28-07
  • Daniel Pipes: Attracts notice as a Giuliani advisor – NYT, 10-25-07
HALLOWEEN:
BIGGEST STORIES:
HNN STATS THIS WEEK:
THIS WEEK IN HISTORY: This Week in History:

  • 29/10/1929 – “Black Tuesday,” Stock Market crashes triggers “Great Depression”
  • 29/10/1956 – Israeli paratroopers drop into Sinai to open Straits of Tiran
  • 29/10/1966 – National Organization of Women founded
  • 29/10/1969 – Supreme Court orders end to all school desegregation “at once”
  • 30/10/1270 – 8th and last crusade is launched
  • 30/10/1697 – Germany signs French/English/Spanish/Neth/Brandenburgs peace treaty ending 9 year War
  • 30/10/1864 – The city of Helena, Montana, is founded after miners discover gold
  • 30/10/1893 – Senate approves repealing Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890
  • 30/10/1896 – Martha Hughes Cannon of Utah becomes 1st female senator
  • 30/10/1905 – “October Manifesto” Russian Tsar Nicholas II grants civil liberties
  • 30/10/1914 – Allied offensive at Ypres (Belgium) begins
  • 30/10/1941 – FDR approves Lend-Lease aid to the USSR
  • 30/10/1954 – US Armed Forces end segregation of races
  • 31/10/0834 – 1st All Hallows Eve (Halloween) observed to honor the saints
  • 31/10/1517 – Luther posts 95 theses on Wittenberg church-Protestant Reformation
  • 31/10/1541 – Michelangelo Buonarroti’s paints “last judgement” in 16th Chapel
  • 31/10/1846 – Donner party, unable to cross the Donner Pass, construct a winter camp
  • 31/10/1918 – Spanish flu-virus kills 21,000 in US in 1 week
  • 31/10/1922 – Benito Mussolini (Il Duce) becomes premier of Italy
  • 31/10/1940 – Battle of Britain: Germany and Britain control of English Channel, ends
  • 31/10/1941 – Prior to US in WW II, Germany torpedoes US destroyer Reuben James
  • 31/10/1963 – Ed Sullivan witnesses Beatles and their fans at London Airport
  • 31/10/1968 – President Johnson orders a halt to all bombing of North Vietnam
  • 01/11/1512 – Michelangelo’s paintings on ceiling of Sistine Chapel, 1st exhibited
  • 01/11/1765 – Stamp Act goes into effect in British colonies
  • 01/11/1783 – Continental Army dissolved; George Washington’s “Farewell Address”
  • 01/11/1800 – 1st president to live in white house (John Adams)
  • 01/11/1861 – Gen George B McClellan made general in chief of Union armies
  • 01/11/1866 – 1st Civil Rights Bill passes
  • 01/11/1878 – Edward Scripps and John Sweeney found Penny Press (Cleveland Press)
  • 01/11/1917 – In WW I, the 1st US soldiers are killed in combat
  • 01/11/1954 – US Senate admonishes Joseph Mccarthy because of slander campaign
  • 01/11/1962 – Cuban missile crisis ends, JFK says USSR is dismantling missile bases
  • 01/11/1983 – Pres Reagan established Dr Martin Luther King Jr holiday
  • 02/11/1772 – Boston: anti-English Committee of Correspondence forms
  • 02/11/1811 – Battle of Tippecanoe: Gen Jackson vs indians
  • 02/11/1824 – Popular presidential vote 1st recorded; Jackson beats J Q Adams
  • 02/11/1852 – Franklin Pierce elected as president of US
  • 02/11/1917 – Balfour Declaration proclaims support for a Jewish state in Palestine
  • 02/11/1948 – Pres Truman re-elected in an upset over Republican Thomas Dewey
  • 02/11/1954 – JS Thurmond is 1st senator elected by write-in vote (SC)
  • 02/11/1962 – JFK announces Cuban missile bases were being dismantled
  • 03/11/1394 – Jews are expelled from France by Charles VI
  • 03/11/1529 – London] 1st sitting of the Reformation Parliament
  • 03/11/1796 – John Adams elected president
  • 03/11/1868 – Ulysses Grant (R) wins presidential election over Horatio Seymour (D)
  • 03/11/1868 – 1st black elected to Congress (John W Menard, Louisiana)
  • 03/11/1883 – US Supreme Court decides Native Americans can’t be Americans
  • 03/11/1883 – US Supreme Court decides Native Americans can’t be Americans
  • 03/11/1936 – President FDR (D) wins landslide victory over Alfred M Landon (R)
  • 03/11/1948 – Chicago Tribune reports: “Dewey beats Truman”
  • 03/11/1964 – LBJ (D) soundly defeats Barry Goldwater (R) for pres
  • 03/11/1970 – Pres Nixon promises gradual troop removal of Vietnam
  • 03/11/1992 – Bill Clinton (D) wins US presidential election over Pres Bush (R)
  • 04/11/1841 – 1st wagon train arrives in California
  • 04/11/1864 – Confederate assault on Johnsonville, Tennessee
  • 04/11/1939 – US allows “cash and carry” arms sales during WW II
  • 04/11/1952 – Eisenhower (R) elected 34th pres beating Adlai Stevenson (D)
  • 04/11/1956 – Israel captures Straits of Tiran and reach Suez Canal Egypt
  • 04/11/1980 – Ronald Reagan (R) defeats Pres Jimmy Carter (D)
  • 05/11/1639 – 1st post office in the colonies is set up in Massachusetts
  • 05/11/1854 – Crimean War: British and French defeat Russian force of 50,000
  • 05/11/1871 – Susan B Anthony arrested in Rochester NY and fined $100 for trying to vote for Ulysses S Grant
  • 05/11/1872 – Ulysses S Grant re-elected US president
  • 05/11/1895 – US state Utah accepts female suffrage
  • 05/11/1912 – Woodrow Wilson (D) defeats Theodore Roosevelt (Prog) and Pres Taft (R)
  • 05/11/1917 – Supreme Court decision (Buchanan v Warley) strikes down Lousiville Ky ordiance requiring blacks and whites to live in separate areas
  • 05/11/1940 – Pres FDR (D) wins unprecedented 3rd term beating Wendell Willkie (R)
  • 05/11/1946 – John F Kennedy (D-Mass) elected to House of Representatives
  • 05/11/1968 – Nixon (R) beats VP Humphrey (D) and George C Wallace for presidency
IN THE NEWS:
REVIEWED AND FIRST CHAPTERS:
  • Alex Ross: Century’s Playlist THE REST IS NOISE Listening to the Twentieth CenturyNYT, 10-28-07
  • Alex Ross: THE REST IS NOISE Listening to the Twentieth Century, First Chapter – NYT, 10-28-07
  • Susan Tyler Hitchcock: It’s Alive! We’ve been remaking this monster since he first got off the table FRANKENSTEIN A Cultural History - WaPo, 10-28-07
  • Jill Lepore on Daniel Walker Howe, Charles Sellers, C. Vann Woodward: Was there or wasn’t there a market revolution in 19th century America? – New Yorker, 10-29-07
  • John J. Mearsheimer & Stephan M. Walt: Foreign Affairs review says their book gives comfort to anti-Semites – Walter Russell Mead in Foreign Affairs (Nov-Dec.), 11-1-07
OP-ED:
BLOGOSPHERE:
PROFILED:
FEATURE:
INTERVIEWED:
QUOTED:
HONORED, AWARDED, AND APPOINTMENTS:
EXHIBITIONS / NEW WEBSITES:
SPOTTED:
  • Laurel Thatcher Ulrich: Renaissance for women started in ’60s, speaker says – Deseret News, UT, 10-28-07
  • Correlli Barnett: Public school ‘indoctrination’ has led UK to war, says historian – Guardian, 10-25-07
  • John Hope Franklin and Romila Thapar: Two scholars share their views of the role of the historian and social change – Duke Press Release, 10-22-07
SPEAKING EVENTS CALENDAR:
  • Oct 29 & Nov 1, 2007: Robert E. Bonner: Acclaimed American Historian and Professor Emeritus Publishes New Book; Appearances Scheduled at Carleton College and River City Books. On Monday, October 29 from 4:30 p.m. to 6 p.m. in Carleton’s Gould Library Athenaeum, Bonner will discuss the process of writing the book in a presentation entitled “Getting to Know Buffalo Bill Cody;” a booksigning and refreshments will follow his lecture. Bonner will also appear and sign copies of the book on Thursday, November 1 from 7 p.m. to 8 p.m. at Carleton’s River City Books, 306 Division Street South in downtown Northfield – Carleton College News, 10-22-07
  • Nov 1, 2007: Jon Kukla will sign copies of his new book, “Mr. Jefferson’s Women,” at 4:30 on Thursday, November 1, 2007, at the Library of Virginia’s booth, no. 42-43, in the exhibition area at the Southern Historical Association annual convention in Richmond.
  • Nov 1, 2007: Ken Burns: A Modern history teacher Documentary maker who just finished ‘The War’ on PBS will speak on Thursday 7 p.m. during “An Evening with Ken Burns” in ISU’s Braden Auditorium and at 2 p.m. Thursday in IWU’s Hansen Student Center, 300 Beecher St. in Bloomington. – Peoria Journal Star, IL, 10-28-07
ON TV: History Listings This Week:

  • C-Span2, Book TV : 2007 Henry Paolucci/Walter Bagehot Award: Andrew Roberts, author “A History of the English- Speaking Peoples Since 1900″ Monday, October 29 @ 2:00am C-Span2, BookTV
  • History Channel: “Nostradamus: 500 Years Later Sunday, October 28, @ 7pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Lost Book of Nostradamus” Sunday, October 28, @ 9pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Decoding The Past :The Other Nostradamus.” Sunday, October 28, @ 11pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Last Stand of The 300,” Monday, October 29, @ 2pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Organized Crime: A World History :Russia,” Monday, October 22, @ 3pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Modern Marvels :The Colosseum,” Monday, October 29, @ 6pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Cities Of The Underworld :11 – Dracula’s Underground” Monday, October 29, @ 9pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Bloodlines: The Dracula Family Tree,” Monday, October 29, @ 10pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Digging For The Truth :Angkor Wat: The Eighth Wonder,” Monday, October 29, @ 11pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “The Amazing Story of Superman,” Tuesday, October 30, @ 2pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Modern Marvels :Private Collections,” Tuesday, October 30, @ 4pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Modern Marvels :Cemeteries,” Tuesday, October 30, @ 6pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Lost Book of Nostradamus,” Tuesday, October 30, @ 8pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “The Haunted History of Halloween,” Tuesday, October 30, @ 11pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Decoding The Past : Vampires Secrets,” Wednesday, October 31, @ 2pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “History’s Mysteries :The Real Dracula,” Wednesday, October 31, @ 5pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “The Haunted History of Halloween,” Wednesday, October 31, @ 6pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Modern Marvels :Chocolate,” Wednesday, October 31, @ 7pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Modern Marvels :Candy,” Wednesday, October 31, @ 8pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Lost Worlds :Jekyll &smp; Hyde,” Wednesday, October 31, @ 9pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “MonsterQuest :America’s Loch Ness Monster,” Wednesday, October 31, @ 10pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Deep Sea Detectives :Loch Ness: Great Monster Mystery,” Wednesday, October 31, @ 11pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Street Gangs: A Secret History,” Thursday, November 1, @ 2pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Godfathers,” Thursday, November 1, @ 4pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “History’s Mysteries :Ship of Gold,” Thursday, November 1, @ 7pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Lost Worlds :Al Capone’s Secret City,” Thursday, November 1, @ 10pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Man, Moment, Machine :Hunting Bonnie & Clyde,” Thursday, November 1, @ 11pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “History’s Mysteries :Ancient Monster Hunters,” Friday, November 2, @ 5pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Mega Disasters,” Marathon Saturday, October 27, @ 2-5pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Lost Book of Nostradamus,” Saturday, November 3, @ 5pm ET/PT
SELLING BIG (NYT):
  • Geoffrey C. Ward: THE WAR #13 (6 weeks on list) – 11-04-07
  • Rick Atkinson: THE DAY OF BATTLE #14 (2 week on list) – 11-04-07
  • David Halberstam: THE COLDEST WINTER #24 – 11-04-07
  • Diane Ackerman: THE ZOOKEEPER’S WIFE #29 – 11-04-07
FUTURE RELEASES:
  • Joseph J. Ellis: American Creation: Triumphs and Tragedies at the Founding of the Republic, October 30, 2007
  • Ronald Reagan: The Reagan Diaries (Leatherbound Edition), October 30, 2007
  • David W. Blight: A Slave No More, (Harcourt, Nov.). The slave narratives of two Americans serve as eye-opening corridors to history.
  • Lady Bird Johnson: A White House Diary, November 1, 2007
  • Stephen William Berry: House of Abraham: Lincoln and the Todds, A Family Divided by War (Houghton Mifflin Company, November 5, 2007)
  • M. Stanton Evans: Blacklisted by History: The Real Story of Joseph McCarthy and His Fight against America’s Enemies, (Crown Publishing Group, November 6, 2007)
  • Chad Alan Goldberg: Citizens and Paupers: Relief, Rights, and Race, from the Freedmen’s Bureau to Workfare, November 15, 2007
  • Thomas Keneally: A Commonwealth of Thieves: The Improbable Birth of Australia, Paperback, December 4, 2007
  • The Great Experiment, by Strobe Talbott (S&S, Jan.). How mere tribes became great nations.
  • James J. Sheehan: Where Have All the Soldiers Gone?, (Houghton, Jan.). The rejection of violence after World War II redefined a continent. Europe chose material well-being over war.
DEPARTED:

Posted on Sunday, October 28, 2007 at 11:01 PM

October 22, 2007

PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN 2008 WATCH:
  • Presidential historian Doris Kearns Goodwin said Hillary turning 60 helps lend gravitas as she seeks to be the first woman President: “The idea that she is older does help her to remind people of a lifetime spent in public service, fighting for issues she has cared about for four of her six decades. That is replacing the caricature of someone who feels like she is owed.” – New York Daily News, 10-21-07
BIGGEST STORIES:
HNN STATS THIS WEEK:
THIS WEEK IN HISTORY: This Week in History:

  • 22/10/1746 – Princeton University (NJ) received its charter
  • 22/10/1836 – Sam Houston inaugurated as 1st elected pres of Republic of Texas
  • 22/10/1861 – 1st telegraph line linking West and East coasts completed
  • 22/10/1906 – 3000 blacks demonstrate and riot in Philadelphia
  • 22/10/1928 – Pres Hoover speaks of “American system of rugged individualism”
  • 22/10/1962 – JFK imposes naval blockade on Cuba, beginning missile crisis, JFK addresses TV about Russian missile bases in Cuba
  • 22/10/1963 – 225,000 students boycot Chicago schools in Freedom Day protest
  • 22/10/1978 – Pope John Paul II installed
  • 23/10/1684 – Colony Massachusetts under authority of English crown mounted
  • 23/10/1760 – 1st Jewish prayer books printed in US
  • 23/10/1775 – Continental Congress approves resolution barring blacks from army
  • 23/10/1864 – Battle of Westport, Missouri
  • 23/10/1915 – 25,000 women march in NYC, demanding right to vote
  • 23/10/1917 – 1st Infantry division “Big Red One” shoots 1st US shot in WW I
  • 23/10/1947 – NAACP petition on racism, “An Appeal to the World” presented to UN
  • 23/10/1962 – Adlai Stevenson speaks at UN about Cuba crisis
  • 23/10/1973 – Nixon agrees to turn over White House tape recordings to Judge Sirica
  • 23/10/1987 – Robert Bork’s supreme court nomination rejected by US Senate
  • 24/10/1492 – 24 Jews are burned at stake in Mecklenburg Germany
  • 24/10/1861 – 1st US transcontinental telegram is sent (from SF to Wash DC)
  • 24/10/1861 – West Virginia seceded from Virginia
  • 24/10/1939 – Nazi require wearing of star of David
  • 24/10/1945 – UN charter comes into effect
  • 24/10/1948 – Bernard M Baruch introduces term “Cold War”
  • 24/10/1956 – Soviet troops invade Hungary, Imre Nagy becomes PM of Hungary
  • 24/10/1962 – In Cuban missile crisis, the US blockade of Cuba begins
  • 24/10/1973 – Yom Kippur War ends, Israel 65 miles from Cairo, 26 from Damascus
  • 25/10/1492 – Christopher Columbus and ship Santa Maria land in Dominican Republic
  • 25/10/1825 – Erie Canal opens, linking Great Lakes and Atlantic Ocean
  • 25/10/1881 – Wyatt Earp, Doc Holliday and Clanton engage in “Shootout at OK Corral”
  • 25/10/1923 – Senate committee publishes 1st report on Teapot Dome scandal
  • 25/10/1940 – US Army Gen Benjamin Davis becomes 1st black general
  • 25/10/1951 – Peace talks aimed at ending Korean War resumed in Panmunjom
  • 25/10/1963 – Anti-Kennedy “WANTED FOR TREASON” pamphlets scattered in Dallas
  • 25/10/1983 – US invades Grenada, a country 1/2,000 its population (US Wins)
  • 26/10/1682 – William Penn accepts area around Delaware River from Duke of York
  • 26/10/1749 – Georgia Colony reverses itself and rules slavery is legal
  • 26/10/1774 – 1st Continental Congress adjourns in Philadelphia
  • 26/10/1774 – Minute Men organized in colonies
  • 26/10/1787 – “Federalist Papers” published, calls for ratification of Constitution
  • 26/10/1795 – Pinckney’s Treaty between Spain and US is signed, establishing southern boundary of US and giving Americans right to send goods down Mississippi
  • 26/10/1810 – US annexes western Florida
  • 26/10/1863 – Worldwide Red Cross organized in Geneva
  • 26/10/1881 – Gunfight at OK Corral, in Tombstone, Az
  • 26/10/1900 – After 4 years of work, 1st section of NY subway opens
  • 26/10/1916 – Margaret Sanger arrested for obscenity (advocating birth control)
  • 26/10/1919 – President Wilson’s veto of Prohibition Enforcement Bill is overridden
  • 26/10/1950 – Mother Teresa found her Mission of Charity in Calcutta, India
  • 26/10/1955 – Ngo Dinh Diem proclaims Vietnam a republic with himself as pres
  • 26/10/1962 – Nikita Khrushchev sends note to JFK offering to withdraw his missiles from Cuba if US closed its bases in Turkey offer is rejected
  • 26/10/1962 – JFK warns Russia US will not allow Soviet missiles to remain in Cuba
  • 26/10/1972 – Henry Kissinger declares “Peace is at hand” in Vietnam
  • 26/10/1973 – President Nixon released 1st White House tapes on Watergate scandal
  • 26/10/1994 – Jordan and Israel sign peace accord
  • 27/10/1864 – Siege of Petersburg, VA
  • 27/10/1871 – Boss Tweed (William Macy Tweed), Democratic leader of Tammany Hall, arrested after NY Times exposed his corruption
  • 27/10/1913 – Pres Wilson says US will never attack another country
  • 27/10/1920 – League of Nations moves headquarters in Geneva
  • 27/10/1954 – Pres Eisenhower offers aid to S Vietnam pres Ngo Dinh Diem
  • 27/10/1962 – Black Saturday – Russian nuclear missile crisis in Cuba
  • 28/10/1636 – Harvard University (Cambridge Mass) founded
  • 28/10/1776 – Battle of White Plains; Washington retreats to NJ
  • 28/10/1793 – Eli Whitney applies for a patent on cotton gin
  • 28/10/1858 – Macy’s Dept store opens in NYC
  • 28/10/1863 – Battle at Wauhatchie Georgia: 865 killed or injured
  • 28/10/1864 – Battle at Fair Oaks, Virginia, ends after 1554 casualties
  • 28/10/1867 – Maimonides College in Penns is 1st Jewish college in the US
  • 28/10/1886 – Statue of Liberty dedicated by Pres Grover Cleveland, it is celebrated by 1st confetti (ticker tape) parade in NYC
  • 28/10/1919 – Volstead Act passed by Congress, start prohibition over Wilson’s veto
  • 28/10/1936 – FDR rededicates Statue of Liberty on its 50th anniversary
  • 28/10/1948 – Flag of Israel is adopted
  • 28/10/1949 – Eugenie Anderson is 1st woman US ambassador (to Denmark)
  • 28/10/1962 – Khrushchev orders withdrawal of missiles from Cuba, ending crisis
  • 29/10/1929 – “Black Tuesday,” Stock Market crashes triggers “Great Depression”
  • 29/10/1956 – Israeli paratroopers drop into Sinai to open Straits of Tiran
  • 29/10/1966 – National Organization of Women founded
  • 29/10/1969 – Supreme Court orders end to all school desegregation “at once”
IN THE NEWS:
REVIEWED AND FIRST CHAPTERS:
OP-ED:
BLOGOSPHERE:
PROFILED:
FEATURE:
INTERVIEWED:
QUOTED:
  • Allan Lichtman on “Influencing Power in Washington”: “For example, John Ashcroft who was the Attorney General during the first George W. Bush term is now a lobbyist. He is a very important Republican lobbyist. On the other side, for example, John Breaux, who was a Democratic senator from Louisiana, is now a lobbyist. Studies have shown that when we look at the United States House of Representatives, about 40 percent of former Representatives go on to become lobbyists when they quit the Congress.” – VOA News, 10-19-07
  • James McPherson on “Communications lifelines serve troops, not history, researchers say”: “E-mails and phone calls from servicemen today probably won’t have that permanence and most probably won’t make it into any historical repository, so that future historians won’t have the richness of sources that Civil War historians have.” “I think that the instantaneous communications between soldiers and their families … back home is actually less effective in conveying their experiences and feelings than the letters home written by Civil War soldiers.” – Press-Enterprise, CA, 10-18-07
  • David Long on “Communications lifelines serve troops, not history, researchers say”: “No generation of fighters that went to war was as literate as the Civil War generation.” “The only release they have from loneliness of being away from home was written form. They wrote a lot. You didn’t have censorship like you would have later on in World War II. When I see the communication of my mother and father during (World War II), how incredibly limp they were in terms of what the censors had removed and what was left of it, you realize the tremendous record Civil War soldiers left for us.” – Press-Enterprise, CA, 10-18-07
  • John Hope Franklin: Freedom Award winner speaks out – http://www.commercialappeal.com (Memphis), 10-18-07
HONORED, AWARDED, AND APPOINTMENTS:
EXHIBITIONS / NEW WEBSITES:
SPOTTED:
SPEAKING EVENTS CALENDAR:
  • Oct. 22, 2007: Pulitzer Prize winner to speak at Memorial Union Stanford Professor Jack Rakove to discuss ‘Living With the Founders’ @ MU II from 4 to 6 p.m. as part of the Pulitzer Prize Winners in History Series – The California Aggie Online, CA, 10-18-07
  • Oct. 25, 2007: Deborah Lipstadt: Historian Who Challenges Holocaust Deniers to Speak at Ithaca College, will speak at Ithaca College on Thursday, Oct. 25. Lipstadt will present “Holocaust Denial: A New Form of Anti-Semitism” at 7:15 p.m. in the Klingenstein Lounge, Egbert Hall. – Ithaca College, NY, 10-4-07
  • The “New South Meets Old West” Symposium from 6 to 10 p.m. Oct. 26 in the Latture Conference Center on the University of Arkansas at Fort Smith campus – Fort Smith Times Record, AR, 10-2-07
  • Oct. 26-27, 2007: U of Buffalo Humanities Institute Presents Conference on Human Trafficking. The conference will be held Oct. 26-27 in the Center for the Arts on the UB North (Amherst) Campus – UB News Center, 10-15-07
  • Oct. 27, 2007: A symposium and dinner in late October will honor longtime Western Michigan University historian Dr. Ernst Breisach, professor emeritus of history and distinguished faculty scholar. The “Exploring History/Writing History” symposium begins at 1 p.m. in The Little Theatre on Oakland Drive followed by a reception and dinner beginning at 4:30 p.m. across the street in Walwood Hall on WMU’s East Campus. Pre-registration is required by Monday, Oct. 15 – Press Release–Western Michigan University, 10-10-07
ON TV: History Listings This Week:

  • History Channel: “The True Story of Black Hawk Down” Sunday, October 21, @ 3pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Return of the Pirates” Sunday, October 21, @ 5pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Last Stand of The 300″ Sunday, October 21, @ 8pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Organized Crime: A World History :Colombia,” Monday, October 22, @ 2pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Organized Crime: A World History :Russia,” Monday, October 22, @ 3pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Organized Crime: A World History :China,” Monday, October 22, @ 4pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Declassified :Godfathers of Havana,” Monday, October 22, @ 5pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “The Antichrist/” Monday, October 22, @ 9pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Digging For The Truth :Timbuktu,” Monday, October 22, @ 11pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Hippies,” Tuesday, October 23, @ 2pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Mega Disasters :New York Earthquake,” Tuesday, October 23, @ 9pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Decoding The Past :Mayan Doomsday Prophecy,” Tuesday, October 23, @ 10pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “The States :06 – Florida, Indiana, Washington, Utah, Rhode Island,” Wednesday, October 24, @ 2pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “The States :07 – Illinois, Connecticut, Nevada, Mississippi, Wyoming,” Wednesday, October 24, @ 3pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “The States :08 – Virginia, Ohio, Idaho, Alabama, North Dakota,” Wednesday, October 24, @ 4pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “The States :09 – Michigan, Tennessee, Maine, Missouri, South Dakota,” Wednesday, October 24, @ 5pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “The States :10 – Georgia, Colorado, Wisconsin, Nebraska, Maryland/DC,” Wednesday, October 24, @ 6pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Modern Marvels :Barbarian Battle Tech,” Wednesday, October 17, @ 7pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Lost Worlds :Stalin’s Supercity,” Wednesday, October 17, @ 9pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Inside the Volcano,” Thursday, October 24, @ 2pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “History’s Mysteries :Japan’s Mysterious Pyramids,” Thursday, October 24, @ 5pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Tsunami 2004: Waves of Death,” Thursday, October 25, @ 10pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Breaking Vegas,” Friday, October 26, @ 2pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Countdown to Armageddon :,” Friday, October 26, @ 9pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Sex in the Real West,” Friday, October 19, @ 10pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “The Universe,” Marathon Saturday, October 27, @ 2-5pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Vampires Secrets,” Saturday, October 27, @ 8pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Decoding The Past :Cults: Dangerous Devotion,” Saturday, October 27, @ 10pm ET/PT
SELLING BIG (NYT):
  • Rick Atkinson: THE DAY OF BATTLE #7 (1 week on list) – 10-28-07
  • Geoffrey C. Ward: THE WAR #10 (5 weeks on list) – 10-28-07
  • David Halberstam: THE COLDEST WINTER #13 (3 weeks on list) – 10-28-07
  • Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr.: JOURNALS #26 – 10-28-07
FUTURE RELEASES:
  • Alex Ross: The Rest Is Noise, (FSG, Oct.). A history of the 20th century through its remarkable music.
  • Aida D. Donald: Lion in the White House: A Life of Theodore Roosevelt, October 22, 2007
  • Richard Avedon, The Kennedys: Portrait of a Family, (HarperCollins Publishers, October 23, 2007)
  • Sally Bedell Smith: For Love of Politics: Bill and Hillary Clinton: The White House Years, October 23, 2007
  • Laurence Bergreen: Marco Polo: From Venice to Xanadu, October 23, 2007
  • Bill Sloan: The Ultimate Battle: Okinawa 1945–The Last Epic Struggle of World War II, October 23, 2007
  • Joseph J. Ellis: American Creation: Triumphs and Tragedies at the Founding of the Republic, October 30, 2007
  • Ronald Reagan: The Reagan Diaries (Leatherbound Edition), October 30, 2007
  • David W. Blight: A Slave No More, (Harcourt, Nov.). The slave narratives of two Americans serve as eye-opening corridors to history.
  • Lady Bird Johnson: A White House Diary, November 1, 2007
  • Stephen William Berry: House of Abraham: Lincoln and the Todds, A Family Divided by War (Houghton Mifflin Company, November 5, 2007)
  • M. Stanton Evans: Blacklisted by History: The Real Story of Joseph McCarthy and His Fight against America’s Enemies, (Crown Publishing Group, November 6, 2007)
  • Chad Alan Goldberg: Citizens and Paupers: Relief, Rights, and Race, from the Freedmen’s Bureau to Workfare, November 15, 2007
  • Thomas Keneally: A Commonwealth of Thieves: The Improbable Birth of Australia, Paperback, December 4, 2007
  • The Great Experiment, by Strobe Talbott (S&S, Jan.). How mere tribes became great nations.
  • James J. Sheehan: Where Have All the Soldiers Gone?, (Houghton, Jan.). The rejection of violence after World War II redefined a continent. Europe chose material well-being over war.
DEPARTED:
  • Judy Crichton: Producer of American Experience, Dies at 77 – NYT, 10-17-07

Posted on Sunday, October 21, 2007 at 9:17 PM

October 15, 2007

JACQUES BARZUN, 100TH BIRTHDAY:
THANKSGIVING:
PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN 2008 WATCH:
  • Fred Siegel, a historian at Cooper Union on “To the Would-Be Presidents: Don’t Forget the City Issues”: Hillary’s more worried about Methodists in Ohio. Rudy is playing up his achievements in New York, he wants to cast himself as a national, not a local, figure.” – NYT, 10-12-07
  • Year of the Rat: A Campaign 2008 Diary – Rolling Stone, 10-9-07
BIGGEST STORIES:
HNN STATS THIS WEEK:
THIS WEEK IN HISTORY: This Week in History:

  • 15/10/1655 – Jews of Lublin are massacred
  • 15/10/1789 – 1st presidental tour-George Washington in New England
  • 15/10/1815 – Napoleon Bonaparte exiled on Island of St Helena
  • 15/10/1860 – 11-year-old Grace Bedell writes to Lincoln, tells him to grow a beard
  • 15/10/1866 – Great fire in Quebec destroys 2,500 houses
  • 15/10/1883 – Supreme Court declares Civil Rights Act of 1875 unconstitutional
  • 15/10/1894 – Capt Alfred Dreyfus arrested accused of espionage
  • 15/10/1924 – Pres Coolidge declares Statue of Liberty a national monument
  • 15/10/1939 – Yeshiva of Mir closes after 124 years
  • 15/10/1949 – Billy Graham begins his ministry
  • 15/10/1969 – Vietnam Moratorium Day; millions nationwide protest the war
  • 15/10/1990 – Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev wins Nobel Peace Prize
  • 15/10/1993 – Nelson Mandela and S Afr Pres F W de Klerk awarded Nobel Peace Prize
  • 16/10/1710 – British troops occupies Port Royal, Nova Scotia
  • 16/10/1781 – Washington takes Yorktown
  • 16/10/1813 – Battle at Leipzig (Napoleon vs Prussia, Austria and Russia)
  • 16/10/1859 – John Brown leads 20 in raid on federal arsenal, Harper’s Ferry, Va
  • 16/10/1861 – Confederacy starts selling postage stamps
  • 16/10/1863 – Grant is given command of Union forces in West
  • 16/10/1916 – Margaret Sanger opens 1st birth control clinic (46 Amboy St, Bkln)
  • 16/10/1940 – Warsaw Ghetto forms
  • 16/10/1943 – Jewish quarter of Rome surrounded by Nazis, they are sent to Auschwitz
  • 16/10/1962 – Cuban missile crisis began as JFK becomes aware of missiles in Cuba
  • 16/10/1966 – Joan Baez and 123 other ani-draft protestors arrested in Oakland
  • 16/10/1973 – Kissinger and Le Duc Tho jointly awarded Nobel peace prize
  • 17/10/1415 – Jewish autonomy in Palestine ends, as Raban Gamliel leaves office
  • 17/10/1469 – Crown prince Fernando of Aragon marries princess Isabella of Castile
  • 17/10/1691 – New royal charter for Massachusetts, now including Maine, Plymouth
  • 17/10/1787 – Boston blacks, petition legislature for equal school facilities
  • 17/10/1808 – Political rights of Jews suspended in Duchy of Warsaw
  • 17/10/1815 – Napoleon arrives in St Helena
  • 17/10/1871 – President Grant suspends writ of habeas corpus
  • 17/10/1894 – Ohio national guard kills 3 lynchers while rescuing a black man
  • 17/10/1945 – Juan Peron becomes dictator of Argentina
  • 17/10/1975 – UN passes resolution saying “Zionism is a form of racism”
  • 17/10/1978 – Pres Carter signs bill restoring Jefferson Davis citizenship
  • 17/10/1986 – Yitzak Rabin forms Israeli government
  • 18/10/1685 – Louis XIV revokes Edict of Nantes, outlaws Protestantism
  • 18/10/1748 – Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, ends War of Austrian Succession
  • 18/10/1867 – US takes formal possession of Alaska from Russia ($7.2 million)
  • 18/10/1898 – American flag raised in Puerto Rico
  • 18/10/1945 – Nazi war crime trial opens in Nuremberg
  • 18/10/1962 – JFK meets Russian minister of Foreign affairs Andrei Gromyko
  • 19/10/1765 – Stamp Act Congress met in NY, wrote decl of rights and liberties
  • 19/10/1781 – Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown at 2 PM; Revolutionary War ends
  • 19/10/1849 – Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman in US to receive medical degree
  • 19/10/1864 – Approx 25 Confederates make surprise attack on St Albans, Vermont
  • 19/10/1864 – Battle of Cedar Creek, Virginia, Union beats back Conf attackers
  • 19/10/1888 – Moshav Gederah is attacked by Arabs
  • 19/10/1914 – US post office 1st used an automobile to collect and deliver mail
  • 19/10/1951 – Pres Harry S Truman formally ends state of war with Germany
  • 19/10/1960 – Martin Luther King Jr arrested in Atlanta sit-in
  • 19/10/1987 – “Black Monday”-Dow Jones down 508.32, 4« times previous record
  • 20/10/1803 – US Senate ratifies Louisiana Purchase
  • 20/10/1817 – 1st Mississippi “Showboat,” leaves Nashville on maiden voyage
  • 20/10/1818 – 49th parallel forms as border between US and Canada, US and Britain agree to joint control of Oregon country
  • 20/10/1820 – Spain sells part of Florida to US for $5 million
  • 20/10/1864 – Lincoln formaly establishes Thanksgiving as a natl holiday
  • 20/10/1883 – Max Bruch’s “Kol Nidre,” 1st performed
  • 20/10/1903 – US wins disputed boundary between District of Alaska and Canada
  • 20/10/1930 – British White Paper restricts Jews from buying Arab land
  • 20/10/1935 – Mao Tse Tung and his Communist forces ended their “Long March” at Yan’an, in Shaanxi China
  • 20/10/1945 – Supreme Court Justice Geoffrey Lawrence opens trial of Nurenberg
  • 20/10/1957 – Walter Cronkite begins hosting weekly documentary
  • 20/10/1967 – All white fed jury convicts 7 in murder of 3 civil rights workers
  • 20/10/1968 – Jacqueline Kennedy marries Aristotle Onassis
  • 20/10/1973 – US president Nixon fires Watergate accuser Archibald Cox
  • 20/10/1975 – Supreme Court rules teachers could spank their pupils after warning
  • 21/10/1492 – Columbus’ discovers America (Oct 12, 1492 Julian calender)
  • 21/10/1797 – US Navy frigate Constitution, Old Ironsides, launched in Boston
  • 21/10/1879 – Thomas Edison perfects carbonized cotton filament light bulb
  • 21/10/1917 – 1st Americans to see action on front lines of WW I
  • 21/10/1944 – During WW II, US troops capture Aachen, 1st large German city to fall
  • 21/10/1960 – JFK and Nixon clashed in 4th and final presidential debate (NYC)
  • 21/10/1971 – William H Rehnquist and Lewis F Powell nominated to US Supreme Court by Nixon, following resignations of Justices Hugo Black and John Harlan
  • 21/10/1987 – Senate debate begins rejecting Robert Bork’s Supreme Ct nomination
  • 21/10/1997 – Elton John’s tribute to Diana breaks world record, 318 million dist
  • 22/10/1746 – Princeton University (NJ) received its charter
  • 22/10/1836 – Sam Houston inaugurated as 1st elected pres of Republic of Texas
  • 22/10/1861 – 1st telegraph line linking West and East coasts completed
  • 22/10/1906 – 3000 blacks demonstrate and riot in Philadelphia
  • 22/10/1928 – Pres Hoover speaks of “American system of rugged individualism”
  • 22/10/1962 – JFK imposes naval blockade on Cuba, beginning missile crisis, JFK addresses TV about Russian missile bases in Cuba
  • 22/10/1963 – 225,000 students boycot Chicago schools in Freedom Day protest
  • 22/10/1978 – Pope John Paul II installed
IN THE NEWS:
REVIEWED AND FIRST CHAPTERS:
  • STACY SCHIFF on Jon Kukla: Founding Chauvinist Pig? MR. JEFFERSON’S WOMENNYT, 10-14-07
  • Jon Kukla: MR. JEFFERSON’S WOMEN, First Chapter – NYT, 10-14-07
  • Ken Albala: Protein Pills BEANS A HistoryNYT, 10-14-07
  • Nancy Marie Brown: Girl of the North Country THE FAR TRAVELER Voyages of a Viking Woman. - NYT, 10-14-07
  • Idith Zertal and Akiva Eldar: Over the Line LORDS OF THE LAND The War Over Israel’s Settlements in the Occupied Territories, 1967-2007 - NYT, 10-14-07
  • Rick Atkinson: Bravery and Blunder Volume Two in a monumental history shows raw GIs and inexperienced generals in a schoolhouse of war THE DAY OF BATTLE The War in Sicily and Italy, 1943-1944WaPo, 10-14-07
  • Andrew Nagorski: Victory of Steel and Ice During the Battle of Moscow, Stalin turned his guns on his own people THE GREATEST BATTLE Stalin, Hitler, and the Desperate Struggle for Moscow That Changed the Course of World War II - WaPo, 10-14-07
  • Geoffrey C. Ward and Ken Burns: The Pity of War The War, an Intimate History 1941-45WaPo, 10-14-07
  • Saul Friedlander: Praised for his history of the holocaust and damned for his portrait of Hitler and the Nazis – Adam Tooze, in a review of The Years of Extermination: Nazi Germany And The Jews 1939-1945 by Saul Friedlander, in the Telegraph (UK), 10-11-07
  • Arthur Schlesinger, Jr.: Journals reviewed by Douglas Brinkley – LAT, 10-7-07
OP-ED:
BLOGOSPHERE:
PROFILED:
FEATURE:
INTERVIEWED:
  • Timothy Garton Ash: ‘A Clear European Voice is Missing in the World’ (Interview) – Spiegel, 10-11-07
  • Saul Friedlander: Interviewed about the Holocaust by Spiegel – Spiegel, 10-8-07
QUOTED:
HONORED, AWARDED, AND APPOINTMENTS:
EXHIBITIONS / NEW WEBSITES:
  • “In Their Words,” the interactive World War II exhibit now on display at AETN’s headquarters on the University of Central Arkansas campus, is just one facet of a comprehensive oral history project directed by UCA graduate Gabe Gentry. – UCA News, 10-5-07, www.intheirwords.org
SPOTTED:
SPEAKING EVENTS CALENDAR:
  • Oct. 16, 2007: Filmmaker and historian John Savage will give a DVD presentation on “Boss Tweed and President McKinley” at the Greenwich Library, CT on Tuesday, Oct. 16, at 10:30 a.m. – Greenwich Post, CT, 10-5-07
  • Oct. 17, 2007: Gil Troy: the Guggenheim will host “Reagen-Era America.” The panel’s titular topic will discuss the political and cultural climate of the late 70s and early 80s, and will be moderated by Johanna Burton; participating commentators will be critics Todd Gitlin, Isabelle Graw, Julia Bryan-Wilson, and Gil Troy @ 6:30 PM Peter B. Lewis Theater of the Sackler Center – guggenheim.org
  • Oct. 17, 2007: Archivist of the United States Allen Weinstein will host an “American Conversation” with Congressman Tom Lantos, Chair of the House of Representatives’ Committee on Foreign Affairs, on Wednesday, October 17, at 7 p.m. – PRNewswire-USNewswire, 10-2-07
  • Oct. 25, 2007: Deborah Lipstadt: Historian Who Challenges Holocaust Deniers to Speak at Ithaca College, will speak at Ithaca College on Thursday, Oct. 25. Lipstadt will present “Holocaust Denial: A New Form of Anti-Semitism” at 7:15 p.m. in the Klingenstein Lounge, Egbert Hall. – Ithaca College, NY, 10-4-07
  • The “New South Meets Old West” Symposium from 6 to 10 p.m. Oct. 26 in the Latture Conference Center on the University of Arkansas at Fort Smith campus – Fort Smith Times Record, AR, 10-2-07
  • Oct. 26-27, 2007: U of Buffalo Humanities Institute Presents Conference on Human Trafficking. The conference will be held Oct. 26-27 in the Center for the Arts on the UB North (Amherst) Campus – UB News Center, 10-15-07
  • Oct. 27, 2007: A symposium and dinner in late October will honor longtime Western Michigan University historian Dr. Ernst Breisach, professor emeritus of history and distinguished faculty scholar. The “Exploring History/Writing History” symposium begins at 1 p.m. in The Little Theatre on Oakland Drive followed by a reception and dinner beginning at 4:30 p.m. across the street in Walwood Hall on WMU’s East Campus. Pre-registration is required by Monday, Oct. 15 – Press Release–Western Michigan University, 10-10-07
ON TV: History Listings This Week:

  • History Channel: “Comic Book Superheroes Unmasked” Monday, October 15, @ 5pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “History’s Mysteries :Devil’s Island: Hell on Earth” Monday, October 15, @ 5pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Digging For The Truth :God’s Gold, Part 2″ Monday, October 15, @ 9pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Tora, Tora, Tora: The Real Story of Pearl Harbor,” Tuesday, October 16, @ 2pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “True Story of the Bridge on the River Kwai,” Tuesday, October 16, @ 4pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Modern Marvels :Civil War Tech,” Tuesday, October 16, @ 7pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Egypt: Engineering an Empire,” Wednesday, October 17, @ 2pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “History’s Mysteries :Sodom & Gomorrah,” Wednesday, October 17, @ 4pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Mysteries of the Garden of Eden :Mysteries of the Garden of Eden,” Wednesday, October 17, @ 5pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Modern Marvels :Barbarian Battle Tech,” Wednesday, October 17, @ 7pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Lost Worlds :Stalin’s Supercity,” Wednesday, October 17, @ 9pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Special : Meteors: Fire in the Sky,” Thursday, October 18, @ 2pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “History’s Mysteries :The Search for Life on Mars,” Thursday, October 18, @ 4pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “History’s Mysteries :Monsters of the Sea,” Thursday, October 18, @ 5pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Modern Marvels :Howard Hughes Tech,” Friday, October 19, @ 9pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “The History of Sex :From Don Juan to Queen Victoria,” Friday, October 19, @ 9pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Sex in the Real West,” Friday, October 19, @ 10pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Stalking Jihad,” Saturday, October 20, @ 8pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Bible Battles,” Saturday, October 20, @ 10pm ET/PT
SELLING BIG (NYT):
  • Rick Atkinson: THE DAY OF BATTLE #6 (1 week on list) – 10-21-07
  • Geoffrey C. Ward: THE WAR #7 (4 weeks on list) – 10-21-07
  • David Halberstam: THE COLDEST WINTER #8 (2 weeks on list) – 10-21-07
FUTURE RELEASES:
  • Alex Ross: The Rest Is Noise, (FSG, Oct.). A history of the 20th century through its remarkable music.
  • Daniel Walker Howe: What Hath God Wrought, (Oxford, Oct.). Three decades that transformed us, from the battle of New Orleans to the Mexican-American War.
  • Benjamin J. Kaplan: Divided by Faith: Religious Conflict and the Practice of Toleration in Early Modern Europe, (Harvard University Press, October 15, 2007)
  • Martin Gilbert: Churchill and the Jews: A Lifelong Friendship, October 16, 2007
  • Stacy A. Cordery: Alice: Alice Roosevelt Longworth, from White House Princess to Washington Power Broker, October 18, 2007
  • Aida D. Donald: Lion in the White House: A Life of Theodore Roosevelt, October 22, 2007
  • Richard Avedon, The Kennedys: Portrait of a Family, (HarperCollins Publishers, October 23, 2007)
  • Sally Bedell Smith: For Love of Politics: Bill and Hillary Clinton: The White House Years, October 23, 2007
  • Laurence Bergreen: Marco Polo: From Venice to Xanadu, October 23, 2007
  • Bill Sloan: The Ultimate Battle: Okinawa 1945–The Last Epic Struggle of World War II, October 23, 2007
  • Joseph J. Ellis: American Creation: Triumphs and Tragedies at the Founding of the Republic, October 30, 2007
  • Ronald Reagan: The Reagan Diaries (Leatherbound Edition), October 30, 2007
  • David W. Blight: A Slave No More, (Harcourt, Nov.). The slave narratives of two Americans serve as eye-opening corridors to history.
  • Lady Bird Johnson: A White House Diary, November 1, 2007
  • Stephen William Berry: House of Abraham: Lincoln and the Todds, A Family Divided by War (Houghton Mifflin Company, November 5, 2007)
  • M. Stanton Evans: Blacklisted by History: The Real Story of Joseph McCarthy and His Fight against America’s Enemies, (Crown Publishing Group, November 6, 2007)
  • Chad Alan Goldberg: Citizens and Paupers: Relief, Rights, and Race, from the Freedmen’s Bureau to Workfare, November 15, 2007
  • Thomas Keneally: A Commonwealth of Thieves: The Improbable Birth of Australia, Paperback, December 4, 2007
  • The Great Experiment, by Strobe Talbott (S&S, Jan.). How mere tribes became great nations.
  • James J. Sheehan: Where Have All the Soldiers Gone?, (Houghton, Jan.). The rejection of violence after World War II redefined a continent. Europe chose material well-being over war.
DEPARTED:

Posted on Monday, October 15, 2007 at 6:52 PM

October 8, 2007

JACQUES BARZUN, 100TH BIRTHDAY:
PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN 2008 WATCH:
  • Gil Troy on “Kids on trail a balancing act Offspring can help buff candidates’ image, but deploying them poses political, personal risks”: “It’s a dangerous game, with young kids you have to be careful that you don’t appear to be exploiting them like a circus act.” – Chicago Tribune, 10-5-07
  • Obama camp claims JFK legacy – Chicago Tribune, 10-4-07
  • Doris Kearns Goodwin: “The difficulty is the age span is not as great as it was between [President Dwight] Eisenhower and Kennedy. This is sort of like a half-generational change.” – Chicago Tribune, 10-4-07
  • Myra Gutin on “What’s Real on the Campaign Trail?”: “We always take a certain measure of a candidate based on his or her spouse and certainly they will help to humanize.” – ABC News, 9-24-07
BIGGEST STORIES:
HNN STATS THIS WEEK:
THIS WEEK IN HISTORY: This Week in History:

  • 09/10/0768 – Charles the Great and Charlamagne II divide French republic
  • 09/10/1290 – Last of 16,000 English Jews expelled by King Edward I, leaves
  • 09/10/1635 – Religious dissident Roger Williams banished from Mass Bay Colony
  • 09/10/1701 – Collegiate School of Ct (Yale U), chartered in New Haven
  • 09/10/1864 – Battle of Tom’s Brook-Confederate cavalry that harassed Sheridan’s campaign is wipped by Custer and Merrit’s cavalry divisions
  • 09/10/1876 – 1st 2-way telephone conversation, 1st over outdoor wires
  • 09/10/1888 – Washington Monument opens for public admittanc
  • 09/10/1915 – Woodrow Wilson becomes 1st pres to attend a World Series game
  • 09/10/1944 – British PM Winston Churchill arrives in Russia for talks with Stalin
  • 10/10/1802 – 1st non indian settlement in Oklahoma
  • 10/10/1954 – Ho Chi Minh enters Hanoi after French troops pulled out
  • 10/10/1957 – Pres Eisenhower apologizes to finance minister of Ghana, Komla Agbeli Gbdemah, after he is refused service in a Dover, Del, restaurant
  • 10/10/1973 – VP Spiro T Agnew pleads no contest to tax evasion and resigns
  • 10/10/1975 – Israel formally signs Sinai accord with Egypt
  • 10/10/1982 – Pope John Paul II canonizes Rev M Kolbe, who volunteered to die in place of another inmate at Auschwitz concentration camp, a saint
  • 10/10/1995 – Israel begins W Bank pullback, frees hundreds of Palestinian prisoners
  • 12/10/1165 – Rambam reaches Jerusalem
  • 12/10/1285 – 180 Jews refuse baptism in Munich Germany, they are set on fire
  • 12/10/1492 – Columbus arrives in Bahamas [real Columbus Day]
  • 12/10/1692 – Massachusetts Bay discontinues witch trials
  • 12/10/1792 – Columbus Day is 1st celebrated
  • 12/10/1861 – Confederate ironclad Manassas attack Union’s Richmond on Mississippi
  • 12/10/1862 – JEB Stuart completes his “2nd ride around McClellan”
  • 12/10/1871 – Pres Grant condemns Ku Klux Klan
  • 12/10/1892 – Pledge of Allegiance 1st recited in public schools
  • 12/10/1899 – South Africa Boer Republic declares war on England
  • 12/10/1914 – 1st battle at Ypres, begins
  • 12/10/1915 – Theodore Roosevelt criticizes US citzens who identify themselves, with dual nationalities
  • 12/10/1915 – Ford Motor Company manufactures its 1 millionth Model T automobile
  • 12/10/1940 – Hitler begins operation-Seel”we (invasion of England)
  • 12/10/1957 – Canadian Prime Minister Lester Bowles Pearson wins Nobel Peace Prize
  • 12/10/1960 – JFK and Richard Nixon’s 3rd presidential debate
  • 12/10/1963 – Archaeological digs begin at Masada, Israel
  • 12/10/1973 – Nixon nominates Gerald Ford to replace Spiro Agnew as VP
  • 12/10/2002 – Terrorists explode two bombs in Bali’s nightclub district killing 202 and injuring 209 mostly foreign tourists
  • 13/10/1483 – Rabbi Issac Abarbanel starts his exegesis on Bible
  • 13/10/1775 – Continental Congress orders construction of a naval fleet
  • 13/10/1792 – “Old Farmer’s Almanac” is 1st published
  • 13/10/1792 – Washington lays cornerstone of Executive Mansion (White House)
  • 13/10/1812 – Battle of Queenstown Heights, Brit beats US attempt to invade Canada
  • 13/10/1843 – B’nai B’rith founded (NY)
  • 13/10/1845 – Texas ratifies a state constitution
  • 13/10/1864 – Maryland voters adopt new constitution, including abolition of slavery
  • 13/10/1864 – Battle of Harpers Ferry, WV (Mosby’s Raid)
  • 13/10/1864 – Battle at Darbytown Road Virginia (337 casualties)
  • 13/10/1881 – Revival of Hebrew language as Eliezer Ben-Yehuda and friends agree to use Hebrew exclusively in their conversations
  • 13/10/1943 – Italy declares war on former Axis partner Germany
  • 13/10/1988 – Shroud of Turin, revered by many Christians as Christ’s burial cloth, is shown by carbon-dating tests to be a fake from the Middle Ages
  • 14/10/1586 – Mary Queen of Scots goes on trial for conspiracy against Elizabeth
  • 14/10/1774 – 1st Continental Congress is 1st to declare colonial rights (Phila)
  • 14/10/1834 – George Eastman patented paper-strip photographic film
  • 14/10/1912 – Bull Moose Teddy Roosevelt shot while campaigning in Milwaukee
  • 14/10/1938 – Nazis plan Jewish ghettos for all major cities
  • 14/10/1941 – 1st mass deportation of Kowno, Lodz, Minsk and Riga
  • 14/10/1943 – 400 Jews escape in uprising at Sobibor extermination Camp in Poland
  • 14/10/1947 – Dutch Queen Wilhelmina gives golden award to general Eisenhower
  • 14/10/1953 – Ike promises to fire as Red any federal worker taking 5th amendment
  • 14/10/1964 – Martin Luther King Jr wins Nobel Peace Prize
  • 14/10/1966 – 175 US airplanes bomb North Vietnam
  • 14/10/1980 – Pres nominee Ronald Reagan promises to name a woman to Supreme Court
  • 14/10/1982 – Pres Reagan proclaims war against drugs
  • 14/10/1994 – Nobel Prize awarded to Yasser Arafat, Yitzhak Rabin and Shimon Peres
  • 15/10/1655 – Jews of Lublin are massacred
  • 15/10/1789 – 1st presidental tour-George Washington in New England
  • 15/10/1815 – Napoleon Bonaparte exiled on Island of St Helena
  • 15/10/1860 – 11-year-old Grace Bedell writes to Lincoln, tells him to grow a beard
  • 15/10/1866 – Great fire in Quebec destroys 2,500 houses
  • 15/10/1883 – Supreme Court declares Civil Rights Act of 1875 unconstitutional
  • 15/10/1894 – Capt Alfred Dreyfus arrested accused of espionage
  • 15/10/1924 – Pres Coolidge declares Statue of Liberty a national monument
  • 15/10/1939 – Yeshiva of Mir closes after 124 years
  • 15/10/1949 – Billy Graham begins his ministry
  • 15/10/1969 – Vietnam Moratorium Day; millions nationwide protest the war
  • 15/10/1990 – Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev wins Nobel Peace Prize
  • 15/10/1993 – Nelson Mandela and S Afr Pres F W de Klerk awarded Nobel Peace Prize
IN THE NEWS:
REVIEWED AND FIRST CHAPTERS:
  • Arthur Schlesinger, Jr.: A Schmoozer Shares All – Jonathan Alter in Newsweek, 10-8-07
  • Scenes From a White House A handful of Camelot’s private, poignant moments, from the journals of the late Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. by Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. Excerpted from Journals: 1952–2000, by Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr., to be published this month by the Penguin Press; © 2007 by the Estate of Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr – Vanity Fair, November 2007
  • Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. Edited by Andrew Schlesinger and Stephen Schlesinger: Social Historian JOURNALS 1952-2000NYT, 10-7-07
  • Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr.: Martinis, Steak and History In his journals, Arthur Schlesinger, Jr. sings — and often sting JOURNALS, 1952-2000WaPo, 10-7-07
  • John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen M. Walt, Abraham H. Foxman: Conspiracy Theory Who really drives America’s policy toward the Middle East? THE ISRAEL LOBBY AND U.S. FOREIGN POLICY , THE DEADLIEST LIES The Israel Lobby and the Myth of Jewish Control - WaPo, 10-7-07
  • From JFK to Mick Jagger, the journals of Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. – AP, 10-5-07
  • Jonathan D. Spence: China Passage RETURN TO DRAGON MOUNTAIN Memories of a Late Ming ManNYT, 10-7-07
  • Charles W. Dunn, Brian C. Anderson: Crisis on the Right – THE FUTURE OF CONSERVATISM Conflict and Consensus in the Post-Reagan Era, DEMOCRATIC CAPITALISM AND ITS DISCONTENTSNYT, 10-7-07
  • Brian C. Anderson: DEMOCRATIC CAPITALISM AND ITS DISCONTENTS, First Chapter – NYT, 10-7-07
  • James Wood: Historian Re-examines the Pacific Theater in WWII Japanese Military Strategy in the Pacific War: Was Defeat Inevitable?iBerkshires, 10-3-07
  • Arthur Schlesinger, Jr.: NYT raves about his journals – Janet Maslin in the NYT, 10-1-07
OP-ED:
PROFILED:
FEATURE:
  • The Sputnik revolution Fifty years ago tomorrow, Sputnik was launched and with it a new era for humanity – NYT, 10-3-07
  • Roy Rosensweig, James McPherson: Think history is boring? Try being part of it – NYT, 9-23-07
INTERVIEWED:
QUOTED:
  • Joshua Freeman on “Candidates Don’t Count Unions Out Though Membership Has Fallen, Democrats Still Court Labor”: “There aren’t that many institutions in American society that can do that” kind of mobilizing. “You’re basically talking about a 16, 17 million-person organization — what else is there out there on that scale that engages in politics?” – WaPo, 10-1-07
  • Marcus Rediker: Explains how captains recruited sailors on slave ships where conditions were awful – Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, 10-1-07
HONORED, AWARDED, AND APPOINTMENTS:
EXHIBITIONS / NEW WEBSITES:
  • “In Their Words,” the interactive World War II exhibit now on display at AETN’s headquarters on the University of Central Arkansas campus, is just one facet of a comprehensive oral history project directed by UCA graduate Gabe Gentry. – UCA News, 10-5-07, www.intheirwords.org
SPOTTED & SPEAKING EVENTS CALENDAR:
  • Conrad Crane: Decorated Colonel Conrad Crane speaks out on Iraq – Carlisle Sentinel, PA, 10-4-07
  • Garry Wills, at Zellerbach, on Lincoln, Bush, arrogance, and wisdom, UC Berkeley – Berkeleyan Online, CA, 10-3-07
  • Oct. 7, 2007: Brian Gratton: Immigration event launches humanities series, Arizona State University, 1 p.m., Oct. 7, at the Phoenix Art Museum, located at 1625 N. Central Ave., in Phoenix. – ASU News, 10-4-07
  • Oct. 9, 2007Paul Kramer, associate professor of history at the University of Iowa, will lecture on “Imperial Reconstructions: Racial Regimes and U.S. Globality in the 20th Century,” at 12:30 p.m., Tuesday, Oct. 9, in 203 Munroe Hall – UDaily, University of Delaware, 10-5-07
  • The Association of Latin American Historians (ADHILAC) announced their 8th Meeting to take place from October 10 to 12 in the host building of the Venezuelan Ministry of Culture – Prensa Latina, Cuba, 10-3-07
  • Oct. 16, 2007: Filmmaker and historian John Savage will give a DVD presentation on “Boss Tweed and President McKinley” at the Greenwich Library, CT on Tuesday, Oct. 16, at 10:30 a.m. – Greenwich Post, CT, 10-5-07
  • Oct. 17, 2007: Archivist of the United States Allen Weinstein will host an “American Conversation” with Congressman Tom Lantos, Chair of the House of Representatives’ Committee on Foreign Affairs, on Wednesday, October 17, at 7 p.m. – PRNewswire-USNewswire, 10-2-07
  • Oct. 25, 2007: Deborah Lipstadt: Historian Who Challenges Holocaust Deniers to Speak at Ithaca College, will speak at Ithaca College on Thursday, Oct. 25. Lipstadt will present “Holocaust Denial: A New Form of Anti-Semitism” at 7:15 p.m. in the Klingenstein Lounge, Egbert Hall. – Ithaca College, NY, 10-4-07
  • The “New South Meets Old West” Symposium from 6 to 10 p.m. Oct. 26 in the Latture Conference Center on the University of Arkansas at Fort Smith campus – Fort Smith Times Record, AR, 10-2-07
ON TV: History Listings This Week:

  • C-Span2, Book TV : History 2007 National Book Festival: Michael Oren, “Power, Faith and Fantasy: America in the Middle East – 1776 to Present” Monday, October 8 @ 4:00am C-Span2, BookTV
  • PBS: American Experience: “Race to the Moon” Monday, October 8 @ 9pm/EDT – PBS
  • History Channel: “The Saint Valentine’s Day Massacre,” Sunday, October 7, @ 3pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Godfathers,” Sunday, October 7, @ 5pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Columbus: The Lost Voyage” Monday, October 8, @ 9pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “How the Earth Was Made,” Tuesday, October 9, @ 2pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Alaska: Dangerous Territory,” Tuesday, October 9, @ 4pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “History’s Mysteries :Alaska’s Bermuda Triangle,” Tuesday, October 9, @ 6pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Modern Marvels :Silver Mines,” Wednesday, October 10, @ 7pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Lost Worlds :Lost Superpower of the Bible,” Wednesday, October 10, @ 9pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “History’s Mysteries :The Mysteries of Devil’s Triangles,” Wednesday, October 11, @ 11pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “The Samurai,” Thursday, October 11, @ 4pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Ancient Discoveries :Ships.,” Thursday, October 11, @ 10pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Hillbilly The Real Story,” Friday, October 12, @ 9pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Columbus: The Lost Voyage,” Saturday, October 13, @ 5pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Special : Meteors: Fire in the Sky,” Saturday, October 13, @ 8pm ET/PT
SELLING BIG (NYT):
  • David Halberstam: THE COLDEST WINTER #4 (1 week on list) – 10-14-07
  • Geoffrey C. Ward: THE WAR #8 (3 weeks on list) – 10-14-07
  • John J. Mearsheimer and M. Walt, by : THE ISRAEL LOBBY AND U.S. FOREIGN POLICY #20 – 10-14-07
  • Diane Ackerman: THE ZOOKEEPER’S WIFE #32 – 10-14-07
FUTURE RELEASES:
  • Alex Ross: The Rest Is Noise, (FSG, Oct.). A history of the 20th century through its remarkable music.
  • Daniel Walker Howe: What Hath God Wrought, (Oxford, Oct.). Three decades that transformed us, from the battle of New Orleans to the Mexican-American War.
  • Richard Rhodes: Arsenals of Folly: The Making of the Nuclear Arms Race, October 9, 2007
  • Benjamin J. Kaplan: Divided by Faith: Religious Conflict and the Practice of Toleration in Early Modern Europe, (Harvard University Press, October 15, 2007)
  • Martin Gilbert: Churchill and the Jews: A Lifelong Friendship, October 16, 2007
  • Stacy A. Cordery: Alice: Alice Roosevelt Longworth, from White House Princess to Washington Power Broker, October 18, 2007
  • Aida D. Donald: Lion in the White House: A Life of Theodore Roosevelt, October 22, 2007
  • Richard Avedon, The Kennedys: Portrait of a Family, (HarperCollins Publishers, October 23, 2007)
  • Sally Bedell Smith: For Love of Politics: Bill and Hillary Clinton: The White House Years, October 23, 2007
  • Laurence Bergreen: Marco Polo: From Venice to Xanadu, October 23, 2007
  • Bill Sloan: The Ultimate Battle: Okinawa 1945–The Last Epic Struggle of World War II, October 23, 2007
  • Joseph J. Ellis: American Creation: Triumphs and Tragedies at the Founding of the Republic, October 30, 2007
  • Ronald Reagan: The Reagan Diaries (Leatherbound Edition), October 30, 2007
  • David W. Blight: A Slave No More, (Harcourt, Nov.). The slave narratives of two Americans serve as eye-opening corridors to history.
  • Lady Bird Johnson: A White House Diary, November 1, 2007
  • Stephen William Berry: House of Abraham: Lincoln and the Todds, A Family Divided by War (Houghton Mifflin Company, November 5, 2007)
  • M. Stanton Evans: Blacklisted by History: The Real Story of Joseph McCarthy and His Fight against America’s Enemies, (Crown Publishing Group, November 6, 2007)
  • Chad Alan Goldberg: Citizens and Paupers: Relief, Rights, and Race, from the Freedmen’s Bureau to Workfare, November 15, 2007
  • Thomas Keneally: A Commonwealth of Thieves: The Improbable Birth of Australia, Paperback, December 4, 2007
  • The Great Experiment, by Strobe Talbott (S&S, Jan.). How mere tribes became great nations.
  • James J. Sheehan: Where Have All the Soldiers Gone?, (Houghton, Jan.). The rejection of violence after World War II redefined a continent. Europe chose material well-being over war.
DEPARTED:

Posted on Sunday, October 7, 2007 at 5:08 PM

Top Young Historians: 72 – Mark I. Greenberg

Top Young Historians

Mark I. Greenberg, 43

Basic Facts

Position: Associate Librarian, University of South Florida, January 2007-present

Director, Special Collections, University of South Florida Tampa Library, January 2004-present
Director, Florida Studies Center, University of South Florida Library System, November 2001-present
Director, Oral History Program, University of South Florida Library System, November 2001-present
Area of Research: Southern and immigrant/ethnic history (especially southern Jewish history), Florida history, USF history, and oral history.
Education: Ph.D., American History, University of Florida, May 1997 M.L.S., Library and Information Science, University of South Florida, December 2006
Major Publications: Greenberg is the author of the forthcoming The Jews of Savannah Georgia, 1733-1900, (manuscript revisions in process), and Mark I. Greenberg JPG University of South Florida: The First Fifty Years, 1956-2006, (Tampa: University of South Florida, 2006), Greenberg is the co-editer with Marcie Cohen Ferris of Jewish Roots in Southern Soil: A New History, (Waltham, MA: Brandeis University Press, 2006), and editor with William Warren Rogers and Canter Brown, Jr. of Florida’s Heritage of Diversity: Essays in Honor of Samuel Proctor, (Tallahassee: Sentry Press, 1997), which contains his essay “Tampa Mayor Herman Glogowski: Jewish Leadership in Gilded Age Florida.”
Greenberg is also the author of numerous scholarly journal articles, book chapters and reviews that have appeared in American Jewish History, American Jewish Archives, and The Georgia Historical Quarterly, and include among others: “A ‘Haven of Benignity': Conflict and Community Among Eighteenth-Century Savannah Jews.” The Georgia Historical Quarterly, Vol. 86, Winter 2003, “Savannah’s Jewish Women and the Shaping of Ethnic and Gender Identity, 1830-1900.” The Georgia Historical Quarterly, Vol. 82, Winter 1998, and “Becoming Southern: The Jews of Savannah, Georgia, 1830-1870,” American Jewish History, Vol. 86, March 1998.
Awards: Greenberg is the recipient of numerous awards and fellowships including among others:
Co-Sponsor, “Florida African American History Web Site,” from Florida Humanities Council, 2006-2007;
Project Director, Ephemeral Cities Digitization Project, from Institute of Museum and Library Services, 2003-2005;
University of South Florida, Committee on Issues of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity, Pride Award, 2007;
Mississippi Humanities Council, Humanities Scholar Award, 2000;
American Jewish Historical Society, Leo Wasserman Essay Prize, 1998;
Southern Jewish Historical Society, Graduate Student Essay Prize, 1996.
Additional Info:
Greenberg was formerly the Resident Historian, Institute of Southern Jewish Life, Jackson, Miss., May 1997-October 2001, Adjunct Professor–U.S. Immigrant/Ethnic History, Millsaps College, Jackson, Miss., Fall 1998, 1999, Instructor, U.S. survey courses, University of Florida, August 1995-May 1997. and Assistant Editor, Florida Historical Quarterly, University of Florida, January 1992-July 1995

Personal Anecdote

Academic careers can begin in strange ways. In 1990, I left Canada and enrolled at the University of Florida with plans to continue my interest in nineteenth-century American history. My M.A. work had focused on the plantation Mammy, and I imagined expanding that project into a dissertation.

In my first semester at UF, I had the pleasure of taking Bertram Wyatt-Brown’s seminar in southern history. Among the many books and authors tackled in the class, he included Drew Gilpin Faust’s The Creation of Confederate Nationalism (Louisiana State University Press, 1988). Overwhelmed with reading, a common issue in many graduate courses, I learned when to skim and read selectively. I might easily have passed over a single sentence on page 50. In late summer 1862 “gentile residents of Thomasville, Georgia, expelled all the town’s Jewish families, accusing them of extortion, speculation, and counterfeiting.” I was stunned. My understanding of American Jewish history did not include expelling Jews. I related that experience to Europe not to the United States.

I followed Faust’s footnotes to two articles, read as much on the southern Jewish experience as I could find, and ruminated for several months. In spring 1991, I enrolled in Wyatt-Brown’s research seminar and set about finding out why Thomasville’s Christian population had expelled the town’s Jews. I spent days in the Thomas County Courthouse and Georgia State Archives and wrote a paper that proved Thomasville civic leaders passed an expulsion decree but had not expelled their Jewish residents. The article ultimately appeared in American Jewish Archives XLV (Spring/Summer 1993).

The Thomasville project took me to Savannah, as the Atlanta & Gulf Railway connected the two communities in early 1861. Many Thomasville Jews got their economic start in Savannah, and the port city had a small but highly visible and prominent Jewish community in the late antebellum era. Aside from a congregational history, no full- length study of Savannah Jewry existed. After some discussion with Samuel Proctor, my mentor and dissertation advisor, he relented on his wish that I focus on Florida, and I set my sights one state further north.

I never forgot Drew Faust or her scholarship. Before I graduated in 1997, Wyatt-Brown introduced me to her at a conference. “You are the Godmother of my dissertation,” I explained. She seemed puzzled and amused, and I shared the story of how one sentence from her slim volume on Confederate nationalism had launched my scholarly career.

It was not the career I ever imagined. As a new Ph.D. student, I dreamed of a comfortable teaching job at a small New England college. I ended up at the Museum of the Southern Jewish Experience in Jackson, Mississippi. It was as far from my Canadian upbringing or New England dreams as anyone could imagine, but public history suited me. I left Mississippi in 2001 to become director of the University South Florida Libraries’ Florida Studies Center. Sam Proctor was pleased to have me back in Florida, and I was excited to undertake new challenges.

The challenges proved greater than expected. Two years into the Florida Studies Center job, my dean asked me to become director of the Special Collections Department as well. The Ph.D. offered some credentials, but I quickly realized a library and information science degree was necessary. After thirteen consecutive years of university (1984-1997), I never imagined going back to school, but there I was taking courses to become a librarian. In December 2006 I was done. A fourth degree, earned while working full time, raising a family, and writing or editing two books.

Today, I’m part historian, part librarian. I have kept my hand in the historical profession, despite heavy administrative responsibilities and a meager research assignment. I do not know what the future will bring, but if the past is any prediction it is sure to take some unexpected turns.

Quotes

By Mark I. Greenberg

  • Any study of southern Jewry begins with Eli Evans’s seminal 1973 book The Provincials. Part memoir, part Jewish Roots    in Southern Soil: A New History JPG regional ethnic history, he paved the way for the first serious work on Jews in the U.S. South. Jewish Roots in Southern Soil: A New History aims to bring the southern Jewish experience into the 21st century and to synthesize the best scholarship in the field since Evans. Ranging chronologically from the colonial period to the present and thematically from the arts to xenophobia, the anthology offers subject newcomers and veterans a concise overview of the topic. Mark I. Greenberg in “Jewish Roots in Southern Soil: A New History”
  • A growing interest in multiculturalism and diversity in American society has prompted an outpouring of scholarship during the last few decades on the history of immigrant and ethnic groups, but relatively few studies have focused upon immigrants to the South. This dearth is particularly glaring in view of evidence that immigrants constituted a significant portion of the region’s white urban residents. In a recent work on the South, and Savannah, Georgia, in particular, one historian has shown that prior to the Civil War, the foreign-born share of whites living in Northern and Southern urban places was almost identical. Tabulations for the 1860 census reveal that the adult white population was slightly over half foreign born, and only one-third were natives of the South. Only after 1865 did Northern cities become disproportionately ethnic in composition.Savannah Jewry (as a religious, rather than strictly national, group) fell within the foreign- and native-born categories. In 1860 just under 55 percent of the city’s adult Jews were born in the German states. They had immigrated to America beginning in the mid/late 1840s to escape occupational, residential, and marital restrictions in their homelands. An additional 35 percent were born in the South. Some, like the Minis family, had arrived just after James Oglethorpe in 1733. Other men and women, the Myers and Cohen clans, for example, settled in Charleston and Georgetown, South Carolina, prior to the American Revolution but moved to Savannah in the late 1830s and early 1840s in search of greater economic opportunities. Most of the remaining 10 percent hailed from the Northern states. In all, approximately 350 Jews made up 2.5 percent of Savannah whites at the start of the Civil War.It is one thing to note the relative size of Jewish and foreign settlers but quite another to analyze the lives of those newcomers who settled here. Important questions about Southern immigration have remained largely unanswered. Specifically, is the South merely a geographic designation with little or no power to explain immigrant and ethnic life? Or did the South possess a distinctive culture which affected ethnic migration patterns, institutional development, economic choices, and intergroup relations? –
    Mark. I. Greenberg in “Becoming Southern: The Jews of Savannah, Georgia, 1830-70″

    About Mark I. Greenberg

  • “The anthology provides thirteen fascinating articles on a variety of topics including southern Jewish women writers, African American-Jewish relations, Jewish peddlers, Jewish Confederates, and the blossoming of Reform Judaism in the region. The book will delight erudite scholars and ‘snowbirds’ who go ‘south’ to escape the cold weather and would like to learn how Jews shaped the region.” — Jewish Book World reviewing “Jewish Roots in Southern Soil: A New History”
  • “An area of history long neglected . . . this book is a must-have for anyone interested in the American Jewish experience.” —- Virginia Jewish Life reviewing “Jewish Roots in Southern Soil: A New History”
  • “With Jewish Roots in Southern Soil, the history of Jews in the South has finally come of age. Boldly asserting the power of place, it demonstrates Southern Jews negotiating complicated identities across time and space. The result, these essays masterfully convince, is a claim for this particular and unique American identity.” — Pamela S. Nadell, Professor of History, American University reviewing “Jewish Roots in Southern Soil: A New History”
  • “Jewish Roots in Southern Soil: a New History is a superb collection of essays on the still not fully known topic of Jews in the American South. The breath of the topics discussed and the depth of the individual essays make the book an essential and highly compelling reading. It provides readers with everything they wanted to know about the subject and more.; —- Yaakov Ariel, Professor of Religious Studies, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill reviewing “Jewish Roots in Southern Soil: A New History”
  • “This anthology of original essays is the most recent addition to the widening body of work on the history of the Jewish South, a neglected area of research until about 30 years ago. This collection covers an extensive chronology, from the first Jewish settlers in the South in the 1730s up to the present day, and debates what it means to be both Southern and Jewish. The book serves the dual purpose of offering an introduction to the field and furthering discussion of the Southern Jewish experience in the United States.” — Library Journal reviewing “Jewish Roots in Southern Soil: A New History”
  • In Jewish Roots in Southern Soil, Marcie Cohen Ferris and Mark I. Greenberg introduce readers to eighteen scholarly essays, including one by each of the editors, which provide rich insights into varying aspects of the Southern Jewish experience. The essays cover a wide swath of American history that begins in the colonial period and culminates in the present. Eli Evans wrote an enthusiastic foreword to the volume, welcoming the recent scholarship that explores the complex interweaving of identity and region from such diverse temporal and historical points….Mazel Tov to Ferris and Greenberg for assembling an all-star cast of scholars to whet our appetites for more analyses of Jewish regional surviving and thriving. — Bobbie Malone, Wisconsin Historical Society reviewing “Jewish Roots in Southern Soil: A New History” in Shofar
  • For a long time, the study of Jewish life in the South was given short shrift, but in recent years there has been an explosion of new material. In their comprehensive and expertly researched anthology, Jewish Roots in Southern Soil: A New History, editors Marcie Cohen Ferris and Mark I. Greenberg paint a complex portrait of the Jews who settled and thrived below the Mason-Dixon line. The book includes the work of top scholars in this growing field and answers many provocative questions….
    Jewish Roots in Southern Soil helped shatter my arrogant belief that Jewish culture in this country was invented by New Yorkers, Chicagoans, and other Northern Jews. The story of how the Jews of the South acculturated to their region while still holding onto their Jewish identity is a vitally important chapter in the history of American Jewry. The scholars represented in this excellent resource prove once and for all that being a Jew in the United States does not begin and end with a plate of lox and bagels but can also include a little gumbo, black-eyed peas, and some matzo-meal fried-green tomatoes. — Danny Miller reviewing “Jewish Roots in Southern Soil: A New History” at J.Book.com
  • Posted on Sunday, October 28, 2007 at 10:16 PM

    Top Young Historians: 71 – Jeffrey H. Jackson

    Top Young Historians

    Jeffrey H. Jackson, 36

    Basic Facts

    Teaching Position: Associate Professor of History, Rhodes College, 2007-present

    Area of Research: French History, European History, History of Music
    Education: Doctor of Philosophy in History, University of Rochester, May 1999
    Major Publications: Jackson is the author of Making Jazz French: Music and Modern Life in Interwar Paris (Duke University Press, 2003), which now is in its second printing and was a finalist for an award Jeffrey H. Jackson JPG for Best Research in Recorded Jazz from the Association for Recorded Sound Collections, 2004. Portions of Making Jazz French have been reprinted in: Carl J. Guarneri, ed., America Compared: American History in International Perspective, 2nd edition; Humanities: The Magazine of the National Endowment for the Humanities (March/April, 2005); Music and History: Bridging the Disciplines, co-editor and contributor (University Press of Mississippi, 2005).
    Jackson is the co-editor of Music and History: Bridging the Disciplines (2005) He is currently working on the following book manuscripts Paris Under Water: How Paris Survived the Great Flood of 1910, Safe Savages: France and African-Americans at the Height of the Colonial Project, and The Underground Reader: Sources in the Trans-Atlantic Counterculture (with Robert Francis Saxe).
    Jackson is also the author of numerous scholarly journal articles and reviews including: “Artistic Community and Urban Development in 1920s Montmartre,” French Politics, Culture, and Society 24 (Summer 2006)
    “Making Jazz French: The Reception of Jazz Music in Paris, 1927-1934,” French Historical Studies 25 (Winter 2002). This article won the 2002 Charles R. Bailey Memorial Prize for Best Article from the New York State Association of European Historians; “Music-Halls and the Assimilation of Jazz in 1920s Paris,” Journal of Popular Culture 32 (Fall 2000), and “Making Enemies: Jazz in Interwar Paris,” French Cultural Studies 10 (June 1999) among others.
    Awards: Jackson is the recipient of numerous awards and fellowships including among others:
    Fellow-in-Residence, Columbia Institute for Scholars at Reid Hall, Paris, Fall 2007;
    Nominated for Clarence Day Award for Excellence in Teaching, Rhodes College, 2007;
    Spence Wilson International Travel Grant, Rhodes College, 2007;
    Charles R. Bailey Memorial Prize for Best Article, New York State Association of European Historians, 2002;
    Faculty Development Endowment Grants ($5000), Rhodes College, Summer 2002, Summer 2004, Summer 2006;
    National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Stipend, 2000;
    Grant from the Sinfonia Foundation, 2000;
    Bernadotte E. Schmitt Grant, American Historical Association, 1999;
    Dexter Perkins Prize, Department of History, University of Rochester, 1998;
    Sanford Elwitt Memorial Prize, Department of History, University of Rochester, 1997;
    Salamone Prize, Department of History, University of Rochester, 1996;
    Department Fellowship, Department of History, University of Rochester, 1994-1998.
    Additional Info:
    Jackson was named a Fellow-in-Residence at the Columbia University Institute for Scholars at Reid Hall in Paris for Fall 2007. He is a consultant for the PBS documentary “Harlem in Montmartre: A Paris Jazz Story” currently in production. He has previously been a lecturer at the Eastman School of Music and at State University of New York College at Geneseo.
    For more information about Jackson’s research, see his website: http://jeffreyhjackson.blogspot.com

    Personal Anecdote

    I think I can trace much of my current interest in the urban history of Paris to one precise moment.

    I arrived in the city for the first time as a graduate student just beginning my dissertation research. The Eurostar brought me from London to Gare du Nord, and I immediately went underground to the Metro. So I didn’t really see the city itself until I climbed the steps from the Metro station in my new neighborhood. When I did, I looked around, almost stunned (and somewhat naive), and thought, “Hey, this looks just like Paris!” The buildings and streets around me all looked just liked the classic images I had seen in movies and photographs. Some part of me had expected that the reality wouldn’t live up to the image, but now I saw it with my own eyes.

    That sense of wonder lasted a long time — it still does in many ways. But as my knowledge of the city has deepened over the last decade, my feelings about it have become much more complex.

    I walked all over the city on that first stay and in the many visits that have followed, and gained an intimate, ground-level feel for the urban space. Each day was the discovery of another little corner. Now I have my favorite restaurants, parks, and shops, even my favorite streets. I still love to go to Paris because it allows me to live a different kind of life: beautiful walks, wonderful food, a different sense of time and place.

    But sometimes Paris pushes me away too. At its worst, Paris can feel big, noisy, dirty, and crowded. Enduring the summer heat in an eighteenth century building can be oppressive. And while my French is very good, there are always nuances in the language that escape me. Language slips sometimes make for a lonely feeling because it means that there is some part of my world that eludes me, a missing connection between me and my neighbors.

    And there are still parts of the city where I always get disoriented. In fact, when I stepped into the street on that first trip, I immediately got lost looking for my apartment. With no knowledge of the city at that point, my fascination quickly turned to worry.

    But I was found by the Parisians themselves. I asked two women pushing strollers for directions to the cafe where I was to meet my landlord. They said they thought it was further down the street, and I headed off to find it. But a few seconds later, one of them came chasing after me. “Monsieur! Monsieur!” she called out. The cafe was actually the other way, they realized, and they had gone out of their way to help me.

    From then on, I’ve always found a welcome in Paris every time I visit. Even in those moments when Paris pushes me away, it also pulls me back. And I only want to work harder to know it better.

    Quotes

    By Jeffrey H. Jackson

  • In describing this process of “making jazz French,” I am not claiming that French musicians transformed jazz as a musical form into something substantially different from what it was in the United States, nor am Making Jazz French: Music and Modern Life in Interwar Paris JPG I suggesting that a musically distinct kind of “French jazz” existed independent of jazz in the United States. Rather, what I aim to show is that this jazz community altered the meaning and perception of jazz in France. They did so by arguing that it was no longer a foreign music, but instead one that could be played by French musicians without threat or hypocrisy. They created a set of institutions that brought jazz into French musical culture because they believed it was something every French person could appreciate. Even more boldly, some contended that jazz echoed various aspects of a presumed French national character. Musicians who played French chansons in a jazz style suggested that jazz was not a break with the past but merely a way to update France’s heritage while simultaneously remaining true to it. — Jeffrey H. Jackson in “Making Jazz French: Music and Modern Life in Interwar Paris” (Duke University Press, 2003)”
  • About Jeffrey H. Jackson

  • “Jeffrey H. Jackson’s work is unique in providing a more detailed history of jazz in interwar France than anything yet in print (certainly in English). Jackson offers a new, rather unusual perspective, concentrating on the ways jazz was integrated into national practices and traditions, rather than portraying it as simply a foreign intrusion into national life. This is a very rich approach to cultural history, offering a far more complex and nuanced understanding of the process of trans-Atlantic cultural interchange than top-down perspectives.” — Tyler Stovall, coeditor of “The Color of Liberty: Histories of Race in France” reviewing “Making Jazz French: Music and Modern Life in Interwar Paris”
  • “This lively and innovative book views jazz through the prism of contemporary ideas about ‘blackness’ and the Americanization of Europe’s economy and culture to explore the relationship between culture, race, and national identity in twentieth-century France. Jeffrey H. Jackson reveals a complex interplay of cultural and social forces that stretches from across the Atlantic to the trenches of World War I to the colonies of la plus grande France.” — Alice Conklin, author of “A Mission to Civilize: The Republican Idea of Empire in France and West Africa, 1895-1930″ reviewing “Making Jazz French: Music and Modern Life in Interwar Paris”
  • “A history that reads like a good story, this new book by Jeffrey H. Jackson illumines the multiple reactions to jazz in France, ranging from enthusiasm and fascination to fear and disgust. It also vividly recaptures the broad cultural context and above all succeeds in demonstrating the importance of jazz for the ongoing debate about French national identity and modernity.” — Charles Rearick, author of The French in Love and War: Popular Culture in the Era of the World Wars reviewing “Making Jazz French: Music and Modern Life in Interwar Paris”
  • “This is an outstanding little book—a highly readable history of jazz in interwar Paris and a brilliant case study of French cosmopolitanism. . . . Entertaining, informative, authoritative, and broad in scope, Jackson’s study will appeal to readers of varied interests. . . .” — Library Journal (Starred Review) reviewing “Making Jazz French: Music and Modern Life in Interwar Paris”
  • “[A]n enjoyable approach to jazz on the European scene. . . . [A] topnotch reading experience, one that is both entertaining and informative.” — Lee Prosser, Jazzreview.com reviewing “Making Jazz French: Music and Modern Life in Interwar Paris”
  • “[A] welcome addition to the burgeoning field of studies of the impact of jazz in France. . . . Based on careful archival investigation, as well as on very solid and wide-ranging knowledge of existing work, this account includes much new material and is informed by a considerable originality of approach. ” — Colin Nettelbeck, H-France Book Reviews reviewing “Making Jazz French: Music and Modern Life in Interwar Paris” reviewing “Making Jazz French: Music and Modern Life in Interwar Paris”
  • “In the first half of his book, Jackson provides a fresh analysis of the context of the introduction of jazz in Paris and, more significantly, how and why jazz symbolized modern life to the interwar French. . . . [T]he larger importance of Jackson’s study is as a corrective: interwar xenophobia and integral nationalism were not the only cultural responses to modernity and the interwar crises in France. Rather the almost mythic French cosmopolitan spirit also flourished during these troubled times, a useful reminder in light of horrors of the 1940s.” — Brett Berliner, L’Esprit Créateur reviewing “Making Jazz French: Music and Modern Life in Interwar Paris”
  • “[M]akes an important contribution to our understanding of how and why jazz was adopted and adapted by the French, investigating the cultural context in which this integration was operated. The whole is underpinned by thorough scholarly research evident in the numerous notes.” — Jacques Protat, Review of Popular Music reviewing “Making Jazz French: Music and Modern Life in Interwar Paris”
  • “Jackson makes an important contribution to historical studies in complicating understandings of French cultural nationalism between two world wars. . . . [C]ompelling.” — Jody Blake, American Historical Review reviewing “Making Jazz French: Music and Modern Life in Interwar Paris”
  • “Making Jazz French is a valuable exploration of the cultural history of modern France, one that should especially inspire those interested in global perspectives on French history and culture.” — Tyler Stovall, The Historian reviewing “Making Jazz French: Music and Modern Life in Interwar Paris”
  • “Jackson’s interesting . . . work traces how a new ‘cabaret culture’ replaced big dancehalls, examines the effect recording technology had on the spread of jazz, and shows how, by the end of the 30s, the indefatigable French had managed to incorporate jazz into a new idea of a national cultural tradition.” — Steven Poole, The Guardian reviewing “Making Jazz French: Music and Modern Life in Interwar Paris”
  • “[A]significant addition to the history of jazz per se. Along with other recent literature, then, it demonstrates that it is impossible to understand jazz, which is often called ‘America’s music,’ without paying attention to jazz outside the US. . . . The book is written clearly and engagingly.” — Paul Austerlitz, Journal of Popular Music Studies reviewing “Making Jazz French: Music and Modern Life in Interwar Paris”
  • “Jackson’s fine study opens the door to such a rethinking of the history of mass culture in the twentieth century and suggests how and why we might look at France in ways that shake us from the numbing predicatability of explaining the failures of the Popular Front and the rise of the Vichy government.” — Vanessa R. Schwartz, Journal of Modern History reviewing “Making Jazz French: Music and Modern Life in Interwar Paris”
  • I took an independent study with Prof. Jackson called “Paris: Myth and Reality”, in which we discussed the poltical, social, and cultural history of Paris. Working with Prof. Jackson has been one of the high points of my four years at Rhodes – he is extremely knowledgeable about his field and passionate about sharing his knowledge with students. His history classes are discussion based, interdisciplinary, and meaningful: he does not focus only on names, dates, and random facts, but on developing an understanding of how the history of Europe is central to modern global politics and society. — JoBeth Campbell, Rhodes Class of 2008
  • Prof. Jackson’s direction and guidance inside and outside the classroom was a formative part of my experience at Rhodes, and his lasting commitment to his students has enhanced their scholarly endeavors and their intellectual life.
    To summarize my appreciation for Professor Jackson pithily, I would say this: when I walked into his History 101 class in the spring of my freshman year, I had already decided to study history; and by the time I left his course, I had the wherewithal to study it well. His pedagogical and methodological standards, his demanding expectations, and his determination to make his students more thoughtful and more articulate enriched my time at Rhodes immeasurably.
    During my sophomore year, Professor Jackson approached me about doing a Directed Inquiry centered on a mutual interest of ours: urban history. The fact that he regarded me as capable and committed enough to handle the course was flattering enough, but what struck me most—and, indeed, what motivated me to make the most of the opportunity—was the spirit of mutual investigation that guided the semester’s work. His willingness to trust me as a partner in thinking through the large, complicated, and important issues we explored empowered me as a researcher, writer, and thinker. The course was a formative experience in the life of a young student.
    Out of that Directed Inquiry grew a research paper that allowed me to apply my budding skills in a direct and meaningful way. My study of the removal of New Orleans’ Canal St. Streetcar line in 1964 put into consequential practice the approaches Professor Jackson had emboldened me to critique and discuss. In sifting through primary documents, interviewing community activists, and contextualizing the remarkable story of the streetcar, I gained the authentic and applicable experience of an historian. Throughout my writing, Professor Jackson challenged me, supported me, and pulled more out of my pen than I could have thought possible at the project’s outset.
    During my junior and senior years, Professor Jackson served as the primary advisor for my honor’s thesis. The project was the culmination of everything he and I had studied and everything he had prepared me for, and I have his dedication to thank for its success. The countless hours he and I spent together discussing primary and secondary materials, improving drafts of various chapters, and focusing the text’s arguments crystallized my academic experience at Rhodes.
    Simply put, Professor Jackson was a deeply committed instructor, mentor, critic, and advocate—and what greater can be said of any teacher? My ambition was embraced, my talent supported, and my work validated. Professor Jackson challenged and enabled me to be the best scholar I could, and his confidence and care have earned him my continuing admiration. –
    Robert Edgecombe, Former Student, Rhodes College
  • Posted on Sunday, October 21, 2007 at 9:31 PM

    Top Young Historians: 70 – Madeline Y. Hsu

    Top Young Historians

    Madeline Y. Hsu, 40

    Basic Facts

    Teaching Position: Associate Professor, Department of History and Director, Center for Asian American Studies. University of Texas at Austin
    Area of Research: Migration, transnationalism, and ethnic studies.
    Education: Ph.D. History, Yale University, 1996
    Major Publications: Hsu is the author of Dreaming of Gold, Dreaming of Home: Transnationalism and Migration Between the United States and South China, 1882-1943, (Stanford University Press, 2000). Madeline Y. Hsu  JPG Awarded Association for Asian American Studies History Book Award in 2002. She is the co-editer with Sucheng Chan of Chinese Americans and the Politics of Race and Culture, (Temple University Press, 2008). She is also the editor of the forthcoming Transnational Politics and the Press in Chinese American History: Collected Essays of Him Mark Lai.
    Hsu is currently working on Migration in the Shadow of Empires: Ideological Constructions of Taiwanese Chinese Mobility and Ethnic Transformation, 1943-2004. Monograph exploring the Cold War intersections between American and Chinese foreign policy goals to migration policies and ethnic representations of Taiwanese Chinese in the United States.
    Hsu is also the author of numerous journal articles and book chapters including: “From Chop Suey to Mandarin Cusine: Fine Dining and the Refashioning of Chinese Ethnicity during the Cold War Era,” in Chinese Americans and the Politics of Race and Culture, edited by Sucheng Chan and Madeline Hsu, (Temple University Press, 2008); Trading with the Gold Mountain: Jinshanzhuang and Networks of Kinship and Native Place, 1849-1949,” in Chinese American Transnationalism: The Flow of People, Resources, and Ideas between China and America during the Exclusion Era, edited by Sucheng Chan, (Temple University Press, 2006); “Qiaokan and the Transnational Community of Taishan County, 1882-1943.” “Transnational Dimensions of the Chinese Press, 1850-1949,” a special issue of the China Review edited by Bryna Goodman and Arif Dirlik. 4:1 (Spring 2004): 123-144; and “Unwrapping Orientalist Constraints: Restoring Homosocial Normativity to Chinese American History.” Amerasia Journal 29:2 (Summer 2003): 231-253, among others.
    Awards: Hsu is the recipient of numerous awards and fellowships including among others:
    Dean’s Fellowship, University of Texas at Austin. Fall 2006;
    Wang Family Faculty Stipend, San Francisco State University, 2005-6;
    Vice-President’s Assigned Time, San Francisco State University, Spring 2005;
    Association for Asian American Studies History Book Award 2002;
    Affirmative Action Faculty Development Program, San Francisco State University, Spring 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001;
    Vice-President’s Summer Stipend, San Francisco State University, Summer 1997, 1998, 1999;
    Presidential Award for Professional Development of Probationary Faculty, San Francisco State University, Fall 1997;
    East Asian Studies Prize Fellowship, 1994-96;
    Exchange Scholar at the University of California at Berkeley, 1995;
    Henry Hart Rice Advanced Research Fellowship, 1993-94;
    Bradley Foundation Fellowship in International and Diplomatic History, 1993-94;
    I.S.P./Smith Richardson Foundation Fellowship, 1993-94;
    Andrew W. Mellon Research/Travel Grant, 1993;
    Nominated for Prize Teaching Fellowship, Spring 1993;
    Andrew W. Mellon Pre-Dissertation Fellowship, 1992;
    University Fellowship, Yale University, 1989-93;
    Phi Beta Kappa, Pomona College, 1989;
    John H. Kemble Senior Thesis Award, Pomona College, 1989;
    Chan-Sophonpanich Award for outstanding graduating student of color, Pomona College, 1989.
    Additional Info:
    Formerly Associate Professor, Asian American Studies, College of Ethnic Studies, San Francisco State University, 1996-2006.
    Hsu served as a consultant for “The Gold Rush,” Yellow Jersey Films, 2004, “Bill Moyers Presents: Becoming American – The Chinese Experience.” PBS, aired 2003, and “In America: The Chinese Story.” International Channel, 2001. Aired August 2001.

    Personal Anecdote

    Like many other historians, my intellectual projects emerge from the ebb and flow of my daily life. My childhood was spent shuttling between my maternal grandparents’ home in the one-road town of Altheimer, Arkansas and the various Chinese cities where my father found employment-including Hsinchu and Tainan in Taiwan and two different stints in Hong Kong. I grew up intensely aware of American racial dynamics that located Chinese between white and black (and by the 1970s, literally at the outskirts of the white side of the tracks) but also of the protection and privilege attached to being American in developing nations and economies overseas. Living among fellow ethnic Chinese desperate for an opportunity to migrate to the fabled Gold Mountain of the United States, my family was anomalous in having returned from more prosperous shores. Unlike most other American-born Chinese-who spend their formative years primarily in the United States-my main points of reference are of the multi-directional movements and fluid processes of adaptation that are possible for mobile agents with the languages and skills to function successfully in different societies. In contrast to beleaguered immigrants who arrive and are expected to disappear into America’s famous melting pot, such transnational migrants–a useful scholarly concept that I encountered in the 1990s and applied to my life in hindsight-do not blend in or remain in one place.

    In graduate school, when I first decided to study back-and forth mobility like that of my family, I did not realize that I was entering an intellectually and institutionally liminal space. The field of history has been defined in great part by geographically bounded countries and regions and the peoples, cultures, and hierarchies attached to them. Many histories serve to articulate and legitimate the structures of power–and inequality-within certain societies and places. My intellectual interests intersect but do not overlap with these more conventional histories in significant ways, particularly because migrants are often perceived as dire threats or disappear altogether from narratives intended to define national borders and the people who belong within. As a historian studying Chinese migrants who are constantly on the move, rather than sinking roots and becoming loyal citizens, I felt like something of an academic platypus–not really a modern Chinese mammal nor a twentieth-century North American duck. As my dissertation neared completion, it also was not clear for what jobs I could convincingly apply.

    Since the mid 1990s, the rise of Asian American Studies under the umbrella of Ethnic Studies Chinese  Americans and the Politics of Race and Culture JPG has provided more of an institutional home within the academy for projects such as mine. Even so, Asian American Studies remains largely preoccupied with claiming America for Asians, who for much of their history in the United States have been legally restricted from entry and citizenship by naturalization. My colleagues in Asian American Studies have produced paradigmatic, award-winning scholarship that situates the relatively tiny population of Asians at the center of national frameworks because they played such key ideological roles in framing the racial boundaries of belonging in the United States.

    My projects run counter to such agendas by exploring the daily realities of migrants whose messy lives regularly transgress borders in accruing ongoing relationships and ties to multiple locations. They do not fit tidily into national narratives which demand that people identify clearly with one place and with one state. Despite the unease that such nonassimilation arouses, migrants pursue chiefly economic–rather than political goals–in seeking better lives particularly for their children when not attainable for themselves. In impoverished regions, dissatisfaction with limited choices can nurture strikingly aspirational mindsets that separate families and impel bodies through space in pursuit of distant, and sometimes imaginary, opportunities. Migrants are often seen as problems-as a kind of invasion, threats to national security, or an indigestible biomass infecting American society-but are deeply human in their highly pragmatic and often quixotic quests for greater prosperity and stability. Their contrasting priorities and lack of settlement set migrants at odds with nation-states, as demonstrated so vividly in the heated and seemingly irreconcilable debates concerning illegal immigration here.

    I regard migration as a profound manifestation of global inequalities through which American attempts to secure its borders project its considerable authority into the farthest and most impoverished corners of the globe. What began for me as a social history of my family’s experiences of coming (but not staying) in America has become a broader project that attempts to provide an alternative narrative and human faces for some of the most marginalized of historical subjects. They too have stories that must be told, even when these undermine America’s claims to greatness as a “nation of immigrants.”

    Quotes

    By Madeline Y. Hsu

  • Taishanese Americans adapted and made choices as they journeyed from place to place. They compared the merits and possibilities across a geographically dispersed field of action when deciding where to work, where to locate their Dreaming of Gold, Dreaming of Home: Transnationalism and Migration  between the United States and South China, 1882-1943 JPG families, and whether to consign their loyalties more permanently to one place. In order to capture this kind of kaleidoscopic reality, I portray migration as a fluid process of mobility and diversification, rather than as an invasion or uprooting. Migration transformed Taishan into a community unbounded by physical space. Despite strong, locally focused sensibilities marked by a distinctive dialect, cuisine, and sense of native place, Taishanese experienced life as active participants in global systems of trade, labor, and colonization. Taishanese applied traditional practices and expectations of family life, loyalty to native place, kinship organization, and sojourning to the project of carving out their share of a globalizing economy. They demonstrate the abilities of people from a rural Asian society to successfully negotiate their encounters with a Western-dominated, industrializing world. — Madeline Y. Hsu in “Dreaming of Gold, Dreaming of Home: Transnationalism and Migration between the United States and South China, 1882-1943″
  • About Madeline Y. Hsu

  • “An outstanding book, and exemplar of how to do a transnational study that captures the often globe-spanning histories of migrants out of Asia. . . . Hsu’s imaginative use of both English and Chinese language sources is impressive. . . . Besides being a wonderful archival historian, Hsu also writes well, and she weaves a tapestry of the larger contexts of historical events in both China and the United States by threading in the poignant examples of individual lives.” — Journal of Asian American Studies reviewing “Dreaming of Gold, Dreaming of Home: Transnationalism and Migration between the United States and South China, 1882-1943
  • “A work of impressive scholarship-there is new and important information on almost every page of this book. It will be required reading for Asian Americanists, immigration historians, students of transnationalism and diaspora, and social historians of 20th-century China.” — Robert G. Lee, Brown University reviewing “Dreaming of Gold, Dreaming of Home: Transnationalism and Migration between the United States and South China, 1882-1943
  • “This well-researched book is an important addition to the literature on Chinese American history; and as a well-written social history with insights into the key links between Taishan and America, it enhances our understanding of the richness and complexities of Taishanese transnational experiences.” — The Journal of American History reviewing “Dreaming of Gold, Dreaming of Home: Transnationalism and Migration between the United States and South China, 1882-1943
  • “Most previous studies have tended to set the spotlight on the Gold Mountain, and had very little data on the impact of overseas Chinese immigrants on their homeland. The present volume fills this research gap. It demonstrates how a transnational approach can print a balance sheet showing how the Taishanese measured the long periods of hardship they endured in the Gold Mountain against the opportunities to actualize their committments to their families in Taishan and to thd Taishan community. Unlike other studies of the Chinese in America, this volume tells a complete story.” — Ethnic and Racial Studies reviewing “Dreaming of Gold, Dreaming of Home: Transnationalism and Migration between the United States and South China, 1882-1943
  • “Hsu, a third-generation Chinese American, has a facility in her ancestral language unusual for members of her generation, so that this work has the bilingual strengths usually associated with China-born scholars.” — Immigrants and Minorities reviewing “Dreaming of Gold, Dreaming of Home: Transnationalism and Migration between the United States and South China, 1882-1943
  • “A superior achievement. It is clearly written, based on a wide variety of sources in two languages from two continents, and closely and acutely reasoned. One hopes to see more work from this most promising young scholar.” — Immigrants and Minorities reviewing “Dreaming of Gold, Dreaming of Home: Transnationalism and Migration between the United States and South China, 1882-1943
  • “This imaginatively conceived and researched study illustrates the possibilities offered by a transnational approach to the study of migrant populations but also some of the fundamental problems it presents. The study draws skillfully upon contemporary reconceptualizations of migration that seek to overcome the limitations of nation-based approaches . . . .Hsu presents an informative and illuminating account of migration to North America from the Taishan county of Guangdong province on South China and its consequences for Taishan economy and society . . . .The author is successful throughout in bringing to light previously unknown material and adding valuable detail to earlier studies of Chinese migrant experience in China and the United States.” — Journal of American Ethnic History reviewing “Dreaming of Gold, Dreaming of Home: Transnationalism and Migration between the United States and South China, 1882-1943
  • “This is a wonderful book. It is a work of the highest scholarly standards, impeccably researched, and is also readable, touching, and perceptive.” — The International History Review reviewing “Dreaming of Gold, Dreaming of Home: Transnationalism and Migration between the United States and South China, 1882-1943
  • “Recipient of the 2002 Association of Asian American Studies’ book award, Hsu is able to call on her talents as both a Chinese and Asian American historian to weave a transnational analysis of the immigration history of Taishanese in both locations.” — Journal of Asian Studies reviewing “Dreaming of Gold, Dreaming of Home: Transnationalism and Migration between the United States and South China, 1882-1943
  • Posted on Sunday, October 7, 2007 at 4:57 PM

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