History Doyens: Harold M. Hyman

HISTORY DOYENS

Edited by Bonnie K. Goodman

Harold M. Hyman, 7-31-06

What They’re Famous For

Harold M. Hyman is William P. Hobby Professor of History, Emeritus, and director of the Center for the History of Leadership Institutions at Rice University, and is best known for his work on the legal and constitutional climates of the mid- to late-nineteenth-century United States. He is author of several books and articles on the Civil War and Reconstruction, Abraham Lincoln, internal security evolution, civilian-military relationships, and the impact of modern law firms. His Era of the Oath: Northern Loyalty Tests during the Civil War and Reconstruction Harold  Hyman JPG (1954), won the American Historical Association’s Beveridge Prize. Hyman has lectured and taught at major universities, law schools, and think tanks, and is past president of the American Society for Legal History.

In 1997 on the occasion of being named Professor Emeritus and his partial retirement from Rice University where Hyman stopped teaching undergraduate courses but continued graduate courses and PhD advising, Hyman told Rice University News and Media Relations: “So far it doesn’t seem to be any different. I love teaching. I love being around students. [Becoming a professor emeritus] is a little like other milestones in life-being born, getting married… The only thing I know is being a historian…. [Rice has] been a very good place in almost every way-good students, good colleagues. By and large, the administration encouraged one to do what one should be doing-teaching and writing-and didn’t intrude.”

Personal Anecdote

Many Depression-decade high school dropouts enlisted in the pre-Pearl Harbor military. In mid-1941 I joined the Marines. That December, Imperial Japan attacked me, serially and seriously, on Oahu, Midway and Guadalcanal islands and elsewhere. I resented these sporadic and dangerous intrusions personally, for two reasonable reasons. First, Japan’s assaults might have impaired me physically. Second, the aggressive Japanese tactics repeatedly disrupted our military mail service.

The latter consequence irked me primarily because, as Japan’s troops and my Marine duties permitted, I was trying to master high school completion courses, by correspondence. Even when stationed too briefly in Australia and New Zealand I bypassed the many beckoning bars, bimbos, and brothels in order to work on those demanding lessons, with growing enthusiasm for those in history. In addition to preserving my virtue this belated studiousness paid off, I assumed, when, in 1944, I, again encamped on a Pacific atoll, received by mail a glossy New York high school diploma.

Sadly, I learned later that my abstention from wartime sins was superfluous. Without informing me, in 1943 or `44 New York had granted diplomas without course completions to all ultimately uniformed high school dropouts.

So, to more autobiography. Once again a civilian, I found that my wartime experiences, including the prophylactic correspondence courses, had unfitted me for the blue-collar ruts my several siblings accepted. By mid-1946 I was married (still am, to the same splendid lady) and earning a superior salary. But while attending evening junior college classes I rediscovered my war-kindled interest in history and quit my job. Financed by my breadwinning wife and the GI Bill, by 1948 I had a BA from UCLA, then, in 1952, a Columbia University PhD, both in history. Faculty positions followed, at Earlham College (where, with a PhD, I earned less in 1952 than I had, when a high school graduate, in 1946), Arizona State, UCLA, Illinois, and, in 1968, an endowed chair at Rice University.

Harold  Hyman JPGI retired from Rice in 1997 because, as the fall term began, a freshman asked me if, long ago, I had taught at UCLA. My affirmative reply triggered his response that, forty-plus years earlier, his future grandfather (!!) had taken my US Constitutional & Legal History course and now sent regards. It was time.

For me, however, it proved not to be a good time. My encrusted habit was to work hard. For five decades, I, in addition to teaching, had published a baker’s dozen well- received books and many articles, essays, papers, etc. Retirement, I assumed, would mean unimpeded opportunity for further research and writing.

But, once becoming a retired octogenarian, I fell prey to squads of surgeons, phalanxes of physicians, and platoons of pharmacists. They, and the federal pharmaceutical boondoggle of 2005-6, consumed my time, energy, and funds. My ambitious post-retirement research and writing plans wither. Since retiring I’ve published only some scholarly articles, op-ed essays especially about Iraq and domestic civil liberties, and book reviews, and evaluated manuscripts for publishers. Too physically uncertain to kayak and fish as I had also hoped to do, by default I look backward a lot.

I look back less to the generations of undergraduates who, voluntarily or not, endured my lectures and exams, than to the roughly sixty PhDs and MAs whose theses and dissertations I had the privilege to oversee. They and I taught each other a lot.

When I taught successfully they learned to ask significant questions of the past, to find through patient research relevant facts to justify reasonable judgments about worthy topics, and to express themselves clearly (passive voice and technical gobbledygook prohibited). I urged each graduate student to think of a dissertation as a book a-borning. It had first to survive seminar criticisms, then those of anonymous external referees, and, when appropriate, then deserve my positive recommendations to a publisher that it become a book. Harold Hyman JPGI emphasized the advantages a new PhD gained by retaining a dissertation’s core topic and perhaps widening its chronological coverage and/or employing alternative supplemental interpretations, perhaps by this means conceiving a second book or other major publication.

It worked for a pride of “my” PhD’s. They taught me a great deal, especially through their distinguished, topically linked, yet disparate studies in broadly defined areas of American constitutional and legal history. Their writings help better to illuminate many endlessly contentious paths to our present, paths that include gender and race equality, war powers, Lincoln, the Civil War and Reconstruction, civil-military relationships, loyalty-security policies, federalism (including city-state), control of epidemics, and judicial biography.

Despite their achievements and my own, my frustrated post-retirement research and writing plans now inspire a curmudgeon’s sour closing notes, especially about technology’s impacts on higher education. Remember my earnest wartime devotions in pursuit of a high school diploma? Today, nominally academic entities hire cadres of e-mail peddlers to tout the effortless acquisitions of secondary school diplomas, BAs. MAs, and even PhDs. In legitimate collegiate institutions undergraduates and graduate students easily muster long rosters of primary and secondary sources with which to decorate footnotes and bibliographies. What insights, I worry, have the students gained? As a retiree I’m pleased not to have to sit in on the unending committees that now grope toward some self-respecting accomodation with these and derivative problems. But mine is a guilty pleasure. My instinct was to enlist in frays. Now I can not.

Muted, I wonder when I try to balance my emotions with calmer reason, are these technological marvels in research aids less problems than opportunities, as many respected colleagues insist? And, I ask as historian, is electronic data retrieval fundamentally more upsetting than was true of libraries’ innovative card catalogs a century ago?

Damn. History again intrudes its disturbing questions that blunt excessively simple responses to changes.

Quotes

By Harold M. Hyman

  • Historians have attended more to victims’ assertions of unmerited injuries than to justifications by officials, a sensitivity which reflects attitudes of our time, when the suggestion that Staatsrecht was ever an adequate reason for imposition of any security procedures is shrugged away because strong suspicion exists that, currently, such devices are overblown.However deserving this judgment may be about today’s restraints, extrapolation of similar judgments to 1861-65 presents substantial difficulties. The question of feasible alternatives to what came in after the Sumter bombardment has received little attention. Actual disloyalty existed in dangerous quantity and frightening concentration; some security measures were in order or else efforts were wasted to restore by arms the disrupting union of states. A society resentful of restraints was unlikely to accept unnecessary security fetters as passively as proved to be the case. False pleas of necessity could scarcely have convinced alert, self appointed monitors of American institutions, morals, and ways.The notion that officials could act secretly or mask excesses with fictions of mythical underground conspiracies was dubious at best. The anti disloyalty recourses of the Lincoln Administration were imperfect and galling; but they were neither irrelevant nor cynical. — Harold Hyman in “A More Perfect Union: The Impact of the Civil War and Reconstruction on the Constitution”
  • “The oaths did not identify the loyalty of federal pensioners. Well into the twentieth century the government continued its investigations of pension claims arising from the Civil War. Literally thousands of cases involved the definition of wartime loyalty. Proof or disproof rested not, upon oaths, but upon evidence. Nor did test oaths serve to identify the Southern Unionist, as the Southern Claims Commission learned when it labored for nine years to that end. The Commission came to disregard oaths as a matter of form, and to depend upon evidence to prove a claimant’s wartime Unionism. Of the thirty-four “standing interrogatories” which the Commission asked every claimant, only one concerned his willingness to swear to his past loyalty. And in many cases this requirement was waived in the light of local conditions which might have made a Southerner, however ardent a Unionist, give momentary aid to the Confederacy. Yet that same Southerner (to whom Congress paid federal funds after the Claims Commission approved his appeal) stood barred from federal employment, office, and juries because of a test oath of past loyalty. The jurors’ test oath was as much a failure as an identification of loyalty as any of the Civil War tests. Enforced diligently almost anywhere in the South, it crippled the courts. Unenforced as it came to be, it was a mere form, to which Southerners swore unthinkingly and uncaringly. And not one prosecution for the many perjuries ever arose, even when Radicals controlled the federal courts in the South.And so they failed, these loyalty tests of the Civil War and Reconstruction, for they did not measure loyalty. They failed for the nation, were condemned by the courts, and eventually were discarded. They failed also in the states, where the courts invalidated them or constitutional and legal reform repealed them. They failed, for as Samuel Butler said in Hudibras :He that imposes an oath makes it,
    Not he that for convenience takes it;
    Then how can any man be said
    To break an oath he never made?
    Harold Hyman in “Era of the Oath: Northern Loyalty Tests During the Civil War and Reconstruction”
  • “Meanwhile Lewis Stanton had commissioned his father’s friend George C. Gorham, former Secretary of the U. S. Senate, to write a biography. An intimate of the Stanton family, G. A. Mendall, confided to Frank A. Flower, a young Wisconsinite who was also interested in preparing a life of Stanton, that “Gorham is a pungent, bitter writer. . . . [There will be] a good deal more Gorham than Stanton in it.” And so it proved to be. When the two-volume Gorham book appeared in 1899, it fell far short of the hopes of the Stanton family and admirers, though it was a totally favorable view of its subject. In a review, George W. Julian unhappily admitted that “this is not the final Life of Edwin M. Stanton,” and concluded that Gorham had prepared “a healthy and inspiring story” for young people. Gorham’s Stanton remains, however, an indispensable source collection, for the author never returned to the Hutchison branch of the Stanton family the large number of manuscripts he had received from them to aid him in his task, some of which appear in the book.In 1905, using materials supplied by the Lamson members of the family, Flower published a Stanton biography. Stanton’s cousin, the wartime Ohio legislator Benjamin Stanton, after reading some of Flower’s manuscript, was sure that “you hit the character of Stanton exactly.” But Flower was no more capable than Gorham of delineating character or of constructively balancing conflicting pieces of evidence. He was a warm admirer of the War Secretary, and his book is as onesided a defense of its subject as its predecessor. Also, like Gorham, Flower failed to return to the Stanton family the papers he had received from them.Six years later, the diary of Gideon Welles went into print. Its caustic assertions concerning Stanton’s role in public affairs and his alleged inadequacies in matters of character made an immediate and lasting impression. Jesse Weik admitted that it had “completely upset my notion of Seward, Stanton, and Grant. I have always been such an admirer of all three that I sometimes regret that I ever read Mr. Welles’ estimate. But the great thing is his vindication of Andrew Johnson.”

    The vindication of Johnson continued for the next forty years, almost without contradiction. Then, in 1953, Fletcher Pratt published his study of Stanton, which, although it corrected some tenacious misapprehensions, did not provide the needed full study of his life. There, until now, the Stanton story has rested. — Harold Hyman in “Stanton: The Life and Times of Lincoln’s Secretary of War”

  • “Even more questionable is the thesis that a loyalty-security system is necessary at all. That the present apparatus has been conceived in haste and nourished in a substandard partisan environment is patent. There can be no doubt that it has been a major factor in the unsavory tendencies toward a fearful conformity which have marked the domestic American scene since the victorious close of World War II. Social tensions, translated into political pressures, brought loyalty-testing perilously close to disrupting much in the American system of government which the loyalty-security system was designed to protect.But the executive departments must protect themselves against future espionage and infiltration as well as against past acts. Indeed, fear of the past and the future, rather than judicious consideration of the present, has been the major obstacle to effective executive loyalty testing. At no time have any of the federal agencies supplied the primary need of a valid loyalty program–a definition, a standard, a viable agreement on what loyalty is. Lacking this prerequisite, subjectivity, partisanship, sheer stupidity, and vindictiveness in the operation of the executive system have justified the criticisms made of it.

    Harold  Hyman JPG Defining loyalty is a philosophical problem. The difficulties involved in its realization are endless. Men in the present and past have ignored this need. They relied on loyalty oaths and other tests which prescribed absolutes of past conduct for suspected disloyalists. Mere emulation of the past in an uncritical search for security in the future is to turn a deaf ear to history and to the present needs of political democracy involved in unprecedented crisis. If executive officials have advanced beyond Lincoln’s use of loyalty-oath tests, they have not yet reached Lincoln’s calm appraisal of human nature and democracy’s resiliency: “On principle, I dislike an oath which requires a man to swear he has not done wrong. It rejects the Christian principle of forgiveness on terms of repentance. I think it enough if a man does no wrong hereafter. ” …

    Three decades ago, William Butler Yeats offered this doleful prophecy of mid-century life:

    Things fall apart; the centre cannot hold;
    Mere anarchy is loosed upon the world,
    The blood-dimmed tide is loosed, and everywhere
    The ceremony of innocence is drowned.
    The best lack all conviction, while the worst
    Are full of passionate intensity.

    Herman Melville was more hopeful almost a century ago when, as civil war and mass disloyalty rent the land, he offered this poetical plea for moderation and humility:

    Yea and Nay–
    Each hath his say;
    But God he keeps the middle way.
    None was by
    When He spread the sky;
    Wisdom is vain, and prophesy.

    Between Melville’s humanistic skepticism and Yeats’s dreary pessimism rests the measure of the current generation, seeking absolutes of loyalty and of much else. Absolute security, as Justice Holmes said in another connection, is achieved only in the graveyard. Never in America’s history have loyalty tests provided security. That security has emerged from within, from strengths garnered by lives and sacrifices freely offered. Until the past history of the inutility of loyalty tests to provide loyalty is recognized, American unity and Americans’ rights will suffer. — Harold Hyman in “To Try Men’s Souls: Loyalty Tests in American History”

  • Hyman, who has served as president of the American Society for Legal History for the past two years and vice president two years before that, has been a history professor at Rice for 27 years. For him, interacting with the younger generation through his association gives him great satisfaction. More specifically, several of his former history doctoral students are set to present papers at the association’s annual meeting, which will be held in Houston later this month.
    “It’s a very good feeling to see intellectual offspring doing good things,” Hyman said. “Being president is a wonderful experience. It’s gratifying to see that so many of them [younger members] are energetic and talented. So there’s no reason to cry about the younger generation.”
    The society is a national as well as international scholarly society made up of about 2,000 members who share an interest in the history of law and the constitution. Members include historians of law, law academics, law practitioners, judges, social scientists and “a scattering of wonderful amateurs” from all 50 states and abroad, Hyman said.
    “This society is one of few forums where practicing lawyers and academics [historians] can come together,” Hyman said. “The best experience is just to see the seriousness members take. We create this arena where people can talk that otherwise wouldn’t talk. And we encourage that.”
    The society has made important contributions to scholarship with papers on race, gender, law, legal rights in wartime, among others, Hyman said.
    “We’ve learned a great deal out of the research this society encourages,” he said. “I’ve been honored to be elected.”
    Hyman has been a member of the society for 45 years and will pass along the title in late October at the annual meeting. — Harold Hyman in a Rice Univerity article on the occassion of his retirement from the presidency of the American Society for Legal History

About Harold M. Hyman

  • “For more than a generation J. G. Randall’s Constitutional Problems under Lincoln (first published in 1926 and revised in 1951) has stood alone in its field, so exhausative in its research, so authoritative in its judgments as to be the virtually unquestioned on the constitutional history of the Civil war era. Now Randall’s work faces a serious challenger in Harold M. Hyman’s A More Perfect Union, a comprehensive reinterpretation of American constitutional developments during the 1860s… To examine these and other major differences would require a book at least as long as Randall’s or Hyman’s. It is enough here to say that both books have great merit. On technical matters, such as legislative history and provisions of the several confiscations acts, students will continue to turn to Randall’s precise and elegant chapters. For the broader intellectual, social and political background of such legislation, they must consult Hyman. In short, Randall’s study has not yet been replaced, but it finally has in Hyman’s book a worthy companion on the shelf of indispensable books on American constitutional history.” — David Herbert Donald reviewing “A More Perfect Union: The Impact of the Civil War and Reconstruction on the Constitution” in the “Journal of American History”
  • “This is “Civil War and Reconstruction” constitutional history in a new key. Although the author deals with a number of constitutional problems that Randall and his contemporaries touched upon nearly two generations ago, his focus of interest is different….Hyman is concerned above all with the fashion in which the successive shocks of secessions and the subsequent suppression of a large-scale rebellion transformed the living constitutional system into a dynamic instrument adequate to all the exigencies of battle, conquest, occupation, emancipation, and finally reconstruction that successive crises called for….All this is excellent….But Hyman’s study, in aggregate assessment, must be set down as superior work. — Alfred H. Kelly reviewing “A More Perfect Union: The Impact of the Civil War and Reconstruction on the Constitution” n the “Journal of Southern History”
  • Brilliantly displays every characteristic of a definitive study–depth, range, detail, point of view, and lucidity….Disposes, once and for all, of the durable myth of [Stanton’s] complicity in Lincoln’s assassination, and clarifies, to a large extent, his highly complicated role in the impeachment of Andrew Johnson. — New Yorker reviewing “Stanton, the Life and Times of Lincoln’s Secretary of War”
  • Union and Confidence: The 1860s is the third volume in “a retrospective series” commissioned by Dun and Bradstreet Companies, Inc. Harold Hyman, among the nations better-known Civil War historians, was requested to probe “the business aspect of the 1860s as well as the political and social history of the era.” …The book, in a measure, is a compilation of generalizations, stated forthrightly and competently…. All Civil War historians will not agree with every interpretative comment or generalization. Some will disagree with more than others-and that is the way it should be. But all will welcome Union and Confidence as a provocative and scholarly book. — Frank L. Klement reviewing “Union and Confidence: The 1860s” in “American Historical Review”
  • “This is constitutional history as it should be written, but seldom is. Combining an excellent sketch of Chase’s life with the social, intellectual, and moral climate of the times, Hyman provides a brilliant analysis of two landmark decisions. He also presents a stimulating, original, and provocative treatment of the Chase Court that sheds new light on our understanding of the thirteenth and fourteenth amendments.” — John Niven, editor of The Salmon P. Chase Papers reviewing “The Reconstruction Justice of Salmon P. Chase In Re Turner and Texas v. White”
  • “A profound, highly disturbing, illuminating, thoroughly documented study of the oath as a loyalty test in the U.S…. Extremely important.” — Library Journal reviewing “To Try Men’s Souls Loyalty Tests in American History”
  • Harold Hyman JPG “Hyman set out to tell the story of the powerful Houston law firm Vinson and Elkins as an exercise in legal history, a field that he believes is the poorer for its lack of good histories of firms; this lack, he suggests, is primarily due to the difficulty that historians face in gaining access to firm records. Although many scholars have faced this problem, Hyman has been amazingly successful in his own efforts to find a firm agreeable to giving him access to personnel and records on a fairly impressive scale… All in all, six hundred dense pages is an awful lot of reading for the history of just one law firm. The patient reader is, however, rewarded with a comprehensive sweep to the tale and with a fair view of the changes in the firm and in the law and politics that its lawyers practiced. — Steve Sheppard reviewing “Craftsmanship and Character: A History of the Vinson & Elkins Law Firm of Houston, 1917-1997”

Basic Facts

Teaching Positions:
City College (now City College of the City University of New York), New York, NY, instructor in modern history, 1950-52;
Earlham College, Richmond, IN, assistant professor of history, 1952-55;
University of California, Los Angeles, visiting assistant professor of American history, 1955- 56;
Arizona State University, Tempe, associate professor of American history, 1956-57;
University of California, Los Angeles, professor of history, 1963-68;
Rice University, Houston, TX, William P. Hobby Professor of History, 1968–, chairman of history department, 1968-70.

Area of Research:

Education:
B.A. 1948, University of California at Los Angeles;
M.A. in History, 1950 Columbia University;
Ph.D. in History, 1952 Columbia University

Major Publications:

  • Era of the Oath: Northern Loyalty Tests during the Civil War and Reconstruction, (University of Pennsylvania Press, 1954, reprinted, Hippocrene Books, 1978).
  • To Try Men’s Souls: Loyalty Tests in American History, (University of California Press, 1959, reprinted, Greenwood Press, 1981).
  • (With Benjamin P. Thomas) Stanton: The Life and Times of Lincoln’s Secretary of War, (Knopf, 1962, reprinted, Greenwood Press, 1980).
  • Soldiers and Spruce: The Loyal Legion of Loggers and Lumbermen, the Army’s Labor Union of World War I, (University of California Press, 1963).
  • A More Perfect Union: The Impact of the Civil War and Reconstruction on the Constitution, (Knopf, 1973).
  • Union and Confidence: The 1860s, (Crowell, 1976).
  • (With William Wiecek) Equal Justice under Law: Constitutional History, 1835-1875, (Harper, 1982).
  • Quiet Past and Stormy Present?: War Powers in American History, (American History Association, 1986).
  • American Singularity: The 1787 Northwest Ordinance, the 1862 Homestead- Morrill Acts, and the 1944 G.I. Bill, (University of Georgia Press, 1986).
  • Oleander Odyssey: The Kempners of Galveston, Texas, 1854-1980s, (Texas A & M University Press, 1990).
  • The Reconstruction Justice of Salmon P. Chase: In Re Turner and Texas v. White, (University Press of Kansas, 1997).
  • Craftsmanship and Character: A History of the Vinson & Elkins Law Firm of Houston, 1917-1997, (University of Georgia Press, 1998).

Editor, Contributor, Joint Author:

  • The Radical Republicans and Reconstruction Policy, 1861-1870, (Bobbs- Merrill, 1966).
  • New Frontiers of the American Reconstruction, (University of Illinois Press, 1966).
  • (With Leonard W. Levy) Freedom and Reform: Essays in Honor of Henry Steele Commager, (Harper, 1967).
  • H. C. Allen and others, Heard ’round the World: The Impact Abroad of the Civil War, (Knopf, 1969).
  • (And author of introduction) Carleton Parker, The Casual Laborer and Othe Essays, (new edition of 1919 original, University of Washington Press, 1972).
  • (And author of introduction, with wife, Ferne Hyman) The Circuit Court Opinions of Salmon Portland Chase, (new edition of 1875 original, Da Capo Press, 1972).
  • (And author of introduction) Sidney George Fisher, The Trial of the Constitution, (new edition of 1862 original, Da Capo Press, 1972).
  • Edward McPherson, The Political History of the United States of America during the Great Rebellion, 1860-1865, (new edition of 1865 original, Da Capo, 1972).
  • (With Hans L. Trefousse) McPherson, Handbook of Politics, six volumes, new edition of 1894 original, Da Capo, 1972-73.
  • (With Trefousse) McPherson, The Political History of the United States of America during the Period of Reconstruction, new edition of 1871 original, Da Capo, 1973.
  • (With Kermit L. Hall and Leon V. Sigal) The Constitutional Convention as an Amending Device, American Historical Association/American Political Science Association, 1981.

Editor, with Stuart Bruchey, of the “American Legal and Constitutional History Series,” Garland Publishing, 1986-87. Member of board of editors, Reviews in American History, 1964–, Ulysses S. Grant Association, 1968– American Journal of Legal History, 1970–, and Journal of American History, 1970-74.

Awards and Grants:

Albert J. Beveridge award, American Historical Association, 1952, and Sidney Hillman award both for Era of the Oath: Northern Loyalty Tests During the Civil War and Reconstruction;
Sidney Hillman award for To Try Men’s Souls: Loyalty Tests in American History.

Additional Info:

U.S. Marine Corps, 1941-45; became master technical sergeant.
U.S. Veterans Administration, Los Angeles, CA, rehabilitation officer, 1946-48.
Member of the American Historical Association, Organization of American Historians, Illinois State Historical Society, Los Angeles Civil War Round Table.

Posted on Sunday, July 30, 2006 at 7:51 PM

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History Buzz: July 2006

History Buzz

By Bonnie K. Goodman

Ms. Goodman is the Editor/Features Editor at HNN. She has a Masters in Library and Information Studies from McGill University, and has done graduate work in history at Concordia University.

July 31, 2006

HNN STATS THIS WEEK:
THIS WEEK IN HISTORY:
  • 31/07/1620 – Pilgrim Fathers depart (through England) to America
  • 31/07/1777 – Marquis de Lafayette, 19, made major-general of Continental Army
  • 31/07/1864 – Ulysses S Grant is named General of Volunteers
  • 31/07/1914 – German Emperor Wilhelm II threatens war, orders Russia to demobilize
  • 01/08/1619 – 1st black Americans (20) land at Jamestown, Virginia
  • 01/08/1790 – 1st US census (population of 3,939,214; 697,624 are slaves)
  • 01/08/1794 – Whiskey Rebellion begins
  • 01/08/1834 – Slavery abolished through out the British Empire
  • 01/08/1855 – Castle Clinton in NYC opens as 1st US receiving station for immigrants
  • 01/08/1863 – Cavalry action near Brandy Station-End of Gettysburg Campaign
  • 01/08/1867 – Blacks vote for 1st time in a state election in South (Tenn
  • 01/08/1914 – Emperor Wilhelm II declares war on his nephew tsar Nicolas II (WW I)
  • 01/08/1944 – Uprising in Warsaw ghetto
  • 01/08/1982 – Heavy Israeli air bombardment on Beirut
  • 02/08/1492 – Jews are expelled from Spain by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella
  • 02/08/1776 – Formal signing of Declaration of Independence
  • 02/08/1802 – Napoleon declared “Counsel for Life”
  • 02/08/1920 – Marcus Garvey presents his “Back To Africa” program in NYC
  • 02/08/1943 – Lt John F Kennedy’s PT-boat 109 sinks at Solomon islands
  • 02/08/1945 – Potsdam Conference ended, with Stalin, Truman and Churchill
  • 02/08/1965 – Morley Safer’s sends 1st Vietnam report indicating we are losing
  • 03/08/1676 – Nathaniel Bacon publishes “Declaration of People of Virginia”
  • 03/08/1923 – VP Calvin Coolidge becomes 30th president
  • 03/08/1948 – FDR advisor Alger Hiss accused to be a “communist”
  • 03/08/1990 – US announces commitment of Naval forces to Gulf regions
  • 04/08/1558 – 1st printing of Zohar (Jewish Kabbalah)
  • 04/08/1789 – French National Meeting ending feudal system
  • 04/08/1914 – US declares neutrality in WW I
  • 04/08/1914 – Germany declares war on Belgium; Britain declares war on Germany
  • 04/08/1964 – Civil rights workers Michael Schwerner, Andrew Goodman and James E Chaney, bodies discovered in an earthen Mississippi dam
  • 04/08/1977 – Pres Carter establishes Dept of Energy
  • 05/08/1391 – Jews are massacred in Toledo and Barcelona Spain
  • 05/08/1846 – Oregon country divided between US and Britain at 49th parallel
  • 05/08/1921 – Treaty of Berlin: US and Germany sign separate peace treaty
  • 05/08/1945 – Atom Bomb dropped on Hiroshima (Aug 6th in Japan)
  • 05/08/1963 – Britain, US and USSR sign nuclear test ban treaty
  • 05/08/1964 – US begins bombing North Vietnam
  • 05/08/1974 – Pres Nixon admits he withheld information about Watergate break-in
  • 05/08/1981 – Pres Regan fires 11,500 air traffic controllers who struck 2 days ago
  • 05/08/1986 – US Senate votes for SDI-project (Star Wars)
  • 06/08/1787 – Constitutional Convention in Phila begans debate
  • 06/08/1806 – Holy Roman Empire ends; it was neither holy, Roman, nor an empire
  • 06/08/1815 – US flotilla ends piracy by Algiers, Tunis and Tripoli
  • 06/08/1945 – Hiroshima Peace Day-atom bomb dropped on Hiroshima by “Enola Gay”
  • 06/08/1965 – LBJ signs Voting Rights Act, guaranteeing voting rights for blacks
  • 06/08/1990 – UN Security Council votes 13-0 (2 abstensions Cuba and Yemen) to place economic sanctions against Iraq
BIGGEST STORIES:
IN THE NEWS:
REVIEWED AND FIRST CHAPTERS:
  • Peter W. Galbraith and Fouad Ajami: Out of One, Many – NYT, 7-30-06
  • Peter W. Galbraith: THE END OF IRAQ How American Incompetence Created a War Without End, First Chapter – NYT, 7-30-06
  • Fouad Ajami: THE FOREIGNER’S GIFT The Americans, the Arabs, and the Iraqis in Iraq. First Chapter – NYT, 7-30-06
  • Thomas E. Ricks: The March of Folly A damning new book by a Post Pentagon reporter shows how Iraq fell into chaos FIASCO The American Military Adventure in IraqWashington Post, 7-30-06
  • Jed Horne: The Drowning A New Orleans newspaper editor chronicles the devastation of his hometown. BREACH OF FAITH Hurricane Katrina and the Near Death of a Great American CityWashington Post, 7-30-06
  • Douglas Brinkley, Jed Horne: REVIEW, Three Hurricane Katrina books Catastrophe in the Crescent City Writers view what went wrong from unique vantage points – Kansas City Star, 7-30-06
  • Randall Woods’ ‘LBJ: Architect of American Ambition’ – Austin American-Statesman, 7-30-06
  • Odd Lovoll: Book explores Norwegian pride in small town Minnesota – Grand Forks Herald, 7-29-06
  • Jonathan Wright: ‘Ambassadors’, Tracing the History of Diplomacy – NPR, 7-26-06
  • James Bowman: Importance of honor in the Middle East – John Tierney in the NYT, 7-25-06
  • Christopher Phelps: Back into “The Jungle” – Scott McLemee at HNN blog, Cliopatria, 7-23-06
OP-ED:
  • David Greenberg: Why the villain of The History Boys is the better teacher – Slate, 7-24-06
PROFILED:
INTERVIEWED:
FEATURE:
  • David Garrow: A shameful racist pattern along the Mason-Dixon Line – 7-29-06 Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, 7-29-06
QUOTED:
  • John Gomez on “85 years before Sept. 11, there was Black Tom Island”: “There was no question about Black Tom being an act of terror, and I believe the Germans were responsible . . . but the case has never truly been solved. I think the real answers are still in Germany.” – AP, 7-30-06
SPOTTED:
EVENTS CALENDAR:
ON TV:
  • History Channel coming in November 2006: Desperate Crossing: the Untold Story of the Mayflower –
  • C-Span2, BookTV: Book TV presents Anthony Arthur Radical Innocent: Upton Sinclair, Sunday, July 30 at 6:45 pm – C-Span2, BookTV
  • C-Span2, BookTV: Book TV presents After Words: Thomas Ricks, author of “Fiasco: The American Military Adventure in Iraq,” interviewed by Col. Jeffrey McCausland (US Army-retired), Sunday, July 30 at 5:50 pm and at 8:55 pm – C-Span2, BookTV
  • C-Span2, BookTV: Book TV presents Mark Danner The Secret Way to War: The Downing Street Memo and the Iraq War’s Buried History, Sunday, July 30 at 12:00 pm and at 11:00 pm and Monday, July 31 at 5:00 am – C-Span2, BookTV
  • C-Span2, BookTV: Book TV presents Ramesh Ponnuru with Eric Cohen The Party of Death: The Democrats, the Media, the Courts, and the Disregard for Human Life, Sunday, July 30 at 4:00 pm and Monday, July 31 at 6:30 am – C-Span2, BookTV
  • History Channel: “Mega Disasters San Francisco Earthquake: Part 1,” Sunday, July 30, @ 7pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “The Antichrist Part 1,” Sunday, July 30, @ 8pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “The Antichrist Zero Hour,” Sunday, July 30, @ 9pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “The Revolution 09 – A Hornet’s Nest,” Sunday, July 30, @ 10pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Lost Worlds Ramses’ Egyptian Empire,” Sunday, July 30, @ 11pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Declassified The Taliban,” Tuesday, August 1, @ 5pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “The Greensboro Massacre,” Wednesday, August 2, @ 4pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “The Search for Atlantis,” Thursday, August 3, @ 2m ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Deep Sea Detectives Great Lakes Ghost Ship,” Thursday, August 3, @ 6pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Ancient Marvels Ancient Discoveries: Heron of Alexandria,” Thursday, August 3, @ 8pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Decoding The Past Mayan Doomsday Prophecy,” Thursday, August 3, @ 9pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “History’s Mysteries Secret Brotherhood of Freemasons,” Friday, August 4, @ 5pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Lost Worlds,” Marathon Saturday, August 5, @ 12-3pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “The Real Tomb Hunters: Snakes, Curses, and Booby Traps,” Saturday, August 5, @ 5pm ET/PT
SELLING BIG (NYT):
  • Ron Suskind: THE ONE PERCENT DOCTRINE Deep Inside America’s Pursuit of Its Enemies Since 9/11, #4, (5 weeks on list) – 8-6-06
  • Nathaniel Philbrick: Mayflower, #7, (11 weeks on list) – 8-6-06
  • James L. Swanson: Manhunt The 12-Day Chase for Lincoln’s Killer, #23 – 8-6-06
  • William J. Bennett: America: The Last Best Hope, Vol. I, #28 – 8-6-06
  • David Maraniss: Clemente: The Passion and Grace of Baseball’s Last Hero, #34 – 8-6-06
FUTURE RELEASES:
  • Juan Williams: Enough: The Phony Leaders, Dead-End Movements, and Culture of Failure That Are Undermining Black America–and What We Can Do about It, August 1, 2006
  • Lawrence Wright: The Looming Tower: Al-Qaeda and the Road to 9/11, August 8, 2006
  • Mark Schleifstein: Path of Destruction: The Destruction of New Orleans and the Coming Age of Superstorms, August 2006
  • Judith Hicks Stiehm: Champions for Peace: Women Winners of the Nobel Peace Prize, August 2006
  • Mark Grotelueschen: AEF Way of War: The American Army and Combat in World War I, August 2006
  • Jim Powell: Bully Boy: The Truth about Theodore Roosevelt’s Legacy, August 8, 2006
  • John Botte: Aftermath: Unseen 9/11 Photos by a New York City Cop, August 22, 2006
  • Zahi A. Hawass: Mountains of the Pharaohs: The Untold Story of the Pyramid Builders, August 22, 2006
  • Robert Young Pelton: Licensed to Kill: Hired Guns in the War on Terror, August 29, 2006
  • Edward P. Crapol: John Tyler: The Accidental President, September 2006
  • Marion V. Creekmore: A Moment of Crisis: The Inside Story of Jimmy Carter in North Korea, September 2006
  • Charles W. Calhoun: Conceiving a New Republic: The Republican Party and the Southern Question, 1869-1900, September 2006
  • Nicholas Lemann: Redemption: The Last Battle of the Civil War, September 2006
  • Greil Marcus: The Shape of Things to Come: Prophecy and the American Voice September 2006
  • Wilson D. Miscamble: From Roosevelt to Truman: Potsdam, Hiroshima, and the Cold War, September 2006
  • Eva Plach: Clash of Moral Nations: Cultural Politics in Pilsudski’s Poland, 1926-1935, September 2006
  • Ryan Sager: The Elephant in the Room: Libertarians, the Christian Right, and the Looming Battle for the Soul of the Republican Party, September 2006
  • James E. Wise: Women at War: Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Conflicts, September 2006
  • Rodric Braithwaite: Moscow 1941: A City and Its People at War, September 26, 2006
  • Aleksandr Fursenko: Khrushchev’s Cold War: The Inside Story of an American Adversary, October 2006
  • Thomas Keneally: A Commonwealth of Thieves: The Improbable Birth of Australia, October 2006
  • Mark Puls: Samuel Adams: Father of the American Revolution, October 2006
  • Norman J. Goda: Tales from Spandau: Nazi Criminals and the Cold War, October 2006
  • Ronald J. Olive: Capturing Jonathan Pollard : How One of the Most Notorious Spies in American History Was Brought to Justice, October 2006
  • David Bodanis: Passionate Minds: The Great Love Affair of the Enlightenment, Featuring the Scientist Emilie du Chatelet, the Poet Voltaire, Swordfights, Bookburnings, Assorted Kings, Seditiou, October 3, 2006
  • Anthony Everitt: Augustus: The Life of Rome’s First Emperor, October 10, 2006
  • Paul Kengor: The Crusader: Ronald Reagan and the Fall of Communism, October 17, 2006
  • Graeme Fife: The Terror: The Shadow of the Guillotine: France 1792–1794, November 2006
  • Robert M. Collins: Transforming America: Politics and Culture During the Reagan Years, November 2006
  • Adam LeBor: “Complicity With Evil”: The United Nations in the Age of Modern Genocide, November 2006
HONORED:
  • Craig Symonds: Sea battle book earns prize for professor Retired Naval Academy educator’s work on ‘crucial engagements’ captures award – Baltimore Sun, 7-30-06
DEPARTED:

Posted on Sunday, July 30, 2006 at 7:30 PM

July 24, 2006

HNN STATS THIS WEEK:
THIS WEEK IN HISTORY:
  • 07-24-1534 – Jacques Cartier, lands in Canada, claims it for France
  • 07-24-1866 – Tennessee becomes 1st Confederate state readmitted to Union
  • 07-24-1929 – President Hoover proclaims Kellogg-Briand Pact which renounces war
  • 07-24-1937 – Alabama drops charges against 5 blacks accused of rape in Scottsboro
  • 07-24-1948 – Soviets blockades Berlin from west
  • 07-24-1959 – VP Nixon argues with Khrushchev, known as “Kitchen Debate”
  • 07-24-1974 – Supreme Court unanimously rules Nixon must turn over Watergate tapes
  • 07-25-1729 – North Carolina becomes a royal colony
  • 07-25-1799 – French-Egyptian forces under Napolean I beat Turks at Battle of Abukir
  • 07-25-1861 – Washington DC – Crittenden resolution is passed stating that the war is to be fought to preserve union and uphold the Constitution, not to alter slavery
  • 07-25-1866 – US Grant named 1st general of Army
  • 07-25-1952 – Puerto Rico becomes a self-governing US commonwealth
  • 07-25-1960 – US Republican convention nominates Nixon as presidential candidate
  • 07-25-1962 – House passes bill requiring equal pay for equal work regardless of sex
  • 07-25-1963 – US, Russia and England sign nuclear Test ban treaty
  • 07-25-1994 – Jordan and Israeli end 46 year state of war (Wash DC)
  • 07-26-1758 – British battle fleet under gen James Wolfe conquerors Louisbourg
  • 07-26-1775 – 1st Postmaster General: Benjamin Franklin of Pa takes office
  • 07-26-1945 – Winston Churchill resigns as Britain’s PM
  • 07-26-1945 – Declaration of Potsdam: US/Brit/China demands Japanese surrender
  • 07-26-1946 – President Truman orders desegregation of all US forces
  • 07-26-1953 – Fidel Castro begins rebellion, the “26th of July Movement,” against Fulgenico Batista’s regime
  • 07-26-1956 – Egypt seizes Suez Canal
  • 07-27-1809 – Battle at Talavera: British/Spanish army vs French army
  • 07-27-1816 – US troops destroy Ft Apalachicola, a Seminole fort, to punish Indians for harboring runaway slaves
  • 07-27-1861 – Union Gen George McClellan takes command from McDowell of Potamic Army
  • 07-27-1919 – Chicago race riot (15 whites and 23 blacks killed, 500 injured)
  • 07-27-1955 – Austria regains full independence after 4-power occupation
  • 07-27-1974 – House Judiciary Committee votes 27-11 recommends Nixon impeachment
  • 07-28-1864 – Battle of Atlanta GA (Ezra Church)
  • 07-28-1868 – 14th Amendment ratified, grants citizenship to ex-slaves
  • 07-28-1914 – World War I began when Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia
  • 07-28-1915 – 10,000 blacks march on 5th Ave (NYC) protesting lynchings
  • 07-28-1965 – LBJ sends 50,000 more soldiers to Vietnam (total of 125,000)
  • 07-29-1588 – Attacking Spanish Armada defeated and scattered by English defenders
  • 07-29-1676 – Nathaniel Bacon declared a rebel for assembling frontiersmen to protect settlers from Indians
  • 07-29-1974 – 2nd impeachment vote against Nixon by House Judiciary Committee
  • 07-29-1975 – Ford became 1st US pres to visit Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz
  • 07-30-1619 – House of Burgesses Virginia forms, 1st elective US governing body
  • 07-30-1626 – Earthquake hits Naples; 10,000 die
  • 07-30-1839 – Slave rebels, take over slaver Amistad
  • 07-30-1863 – Pres Lincoln issues “eye-for-eye” order to shoot a rebel prisoner for every black prisoner shot
  • 07-30-1909 – Wright Brothers deliver 1st military plane to the army
  • 07-30-1956 – US motto “In God We Trust” authorized
  • 07-30-1965 – LBJ signs Medicare bill, which goes into effect in 1966
  • 07-30-1974 – House Judiciary Committee votes on 3rd and last charge of “high crimes and misdemeanors” to impeach President Nixon in the Watergate cover-up
BIGGEST STORIES:
IN THE NEWS:
REVIEWED AND FIRST CHAPTERS:
  • Jan T. Gross: Fear: Anti-Semitism in Poland After Auschwitz Postwar Pogromm – NYT, 7-23-06
  • Jan T. Gross: Fear: Anti-Semitism in Poland After Auschwitz, First Chapter – NYT, 7-23-06
  • Paul Kennedy: Last Best Hope? A bestselling historian pens a history of the United Nations THE PARLIAMENT OF MAN The Past, Present, and Future of the United NationsWashington Post, 7-23-06
  • John Lynch: The great liberator of S. America Masterly new biography of Bolívar is the first in English in half a century Simón Bolívar A LifeSan Francisco Chronicle, 7-23-06
  • Hugh Trevor-Roper: His published letters LETTERS FROM OXFORD: Hugh Trevor-Roper to Bernard BerensonChristopher Silvester in Times Online (UK), 7-16-06
OP-ED:
PROFILED:
INTERVIEWED:
  • Illan Pappe: Israeli Professor in Haifa Blasts “Reckless” Assault on Lebanon in Interview – Democracy Now, 7-20-06
FEATURE:
  • Timuel Black, Jr.: 40th anniversary of Chicago Freedom Movement explored at Washington cultural center – Chicago Defender, 7-21-06
  • Daniel J. Boorstin, Paul Boyer and Others: History repeats itself — in textbooks An ‘F’ to publishers, authors for originality NYT, 7-18-06
  • Ralph Luker: A short history of the Pledge of Allegiance – AP, 7-19-06
  • John Kaminski: Federalism 101 – The Conservative Voice, 7-21-06
QUOTED:
  • Julian Zelizer on Bush’s Record: One Veto, Many No’s: “President Bush has vetoed things without vetoing them. He’s kind of found alternative ways in which he can basically say no to Congress without publicly saying no, or publicly having the confrontation.” – NYT, 7-23-06
SPOTTED:
  • Gretchen Eick: Long-ignored early sit-ins recognized at civil rights convention – AP, 7-22-06
  • Patricia Limerick: Energy eclipses politics at forum – Durango Herald, 7-22-06
  • Larry Schweikart: Invited “with a few other historians” to a meeting with President Bush in the Oval Office on Aug. 3.
EVENTS CALENDER:
ON TV:
  • History Channel coming in November 2006: Desperate Crossing: the Untold Story of the Mayflower –
  • C-Span2, BookTV: Book TV presents After Words: Simon Schama, author of “Rough Crossings: Britain, the Slaves, and the American Revolution” interviewed by Edna Medford, Howard University history professor, Sunday, July 23 at 6:00 pm and at 9:00 pm – C-Span2, BookTV
  • C-Span2, BookTV: Book TV presents Ron Steinman Women in Vietnam: The Oral History, Sunday, July 23 at 5:00 pm – C-Span2, BookTV
  • History Channel: “True Caribbean Pirates,” Sunday, July 16, @ 6pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Return of the Pirates,” Sunday, July 16, @ 8pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “The Revolution 08 – The War Heads South,” Sunday, July 23, @ 10pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Lost Worlds Knights Templar,” Sunday, July 16, @ 11pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Declassified Ayatollah Khomeini,” Monday, July 24, @ 5pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Lost Worlds Ramses’ Egyptian Empire,” Monday, July 24, @ 9pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Digging for the Truth Cleopatra: The Last Pharaoh,” Monday, July 24, @ 10pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Who Was the Real Boston Strangler?,” Tuesday, July 18, @ 4pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Mega Disasters San Francisco Earthquake: Part 1,” Tuesday, July 25, @ 9pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Days That Shook the World The OK Corral and the St. Valentine’s Day Massacre.,” Wednesday, July 26, @ 5pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Mega Movers,” Marathon Saturday, July 22, @ 12-3pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Nostradamus: 500 Years Later,” Saturday, July 29, @ 8pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Behind The Da Vinci Code,” Saturday, July 29, @ 10pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Mysteries of the Freemasons The Beginning,” Saturday, July 29, @ 11pm ET/PT
  • C-Span2, BookTV: Encore Booknotes: James Bradley, Flags of Our Fathers, Saturday, July 29 at 6:00 pm – C-Span2, BookTV
  • C-Span2, BookTV: Book TV presents After Words: Thomas Ricks, author of “Fiasco: The American Military Adventure in Iraq,” interviewed by Col. Jeffrey McCausland (US Army-retired), Saturday, July 29 at 9:00 pm and on Sunday, July 30 at 6:00 pm and on Sunday, July 30 at 9:00 pm – C-Span2, BookTV
SELLING BIG (NYT):
  • Ron Suskind: THE ONE PERCENT DOCTRINE Deep Inside America’s Pursuit of Its Enemies Since 9/11, #3, (4 weeks on list) – 7-30-06
  • Nathaniel Philbrick: Mayflower, #7, (10 weeks on list) – 7-30-06
  • James L. Swanson: Manhunt The 12-Day Chase for Lincoln’s Killer, #21 – 7-30-06
  • William J. Bennett: America: The Last Best Hope, Vol. I, #23 – 7-30-06
  • Douglas Brinkley: The Great Deluge, #26 – 7-30-06
  • David Maraniss: Clemente: The Passion and Grace of Baseball’s Last Hero, #33 – 7-30-06
FUTURE RELEASES:
  • Peter Wallsten: One Party Country: The Republican Plan for Dominance in the 21st Century, July 2006
  • Mark A. Graber: Dred Scott and the Problem of Constitutional Evil, July 2006
  • David B. Magleby, editor: Dancing Without Partners: How Candidates, Parties, and Interest Groups Interact in the Presidential Campaign, July 2006
  • Wayne Curtis: And a Bottle of Rum: A History of the New World in Ten Cocktails, July 25, 2006
  • Thomas E. Ricks: Fiasco: The American Military Adventure in Iraq, July 25, 2006
  • Nigel Bagnall: Peloponnesian War: Athens, Sparta and the Struggle for Greece, July 25, 2006
  • Juan Williams: Enough: The Phony Leaders, Dead-End Movements, and Culture of Failure That Are Undermining Black America–and What We Can Do about It, August 1, 2006
  • Lawrence Wright: The Looming Tower: Al-Qaeda and the Road to 9/11, August 8, 2006
  • Mark Schleifstein: Path of Destruction: The Destruction of New Orleans and the Coming Age of Superstorms, August 2006
  • Judith Hicks Stiehm: Champions for Peace: Women Winners of the Nobel Peace Prize, August 2006
  • Mark Grotelueschen: AEF Way of War: The American Army and Combat in World War I, August 2006
  • Jim Powell: Bully Boy: The Truth about Theodore Roosevelt’s Legacy, August 8, 2006
  • John Botte: Aftermath: Unseen 9/11 Photos by a New York City Cop, August 22, 2006
  • Zahi A. Hawass: Mountains of the Pharaohs: The Untold Story of the Pyramid Builders, August 22, 2006
  • Robert Young Pelton: Licensed to Kill: Hired Guns in the War on Terror, August 29, 2006
  • Edward P. Crapol: John Tyler: The Accidental President, September 2006
  • Marion V. Creekmore: A Moment of Crisis: The Inside Story of Jimmy Carter in North Korea, September 2006
  • Charles W. Calhoun: Conceiving a New Republic: The Republican Party and the Southern Question, 1869-1900, September 2006
  • Nicholas Lemann: Redemption: The Last Battle of the Civil War, September 2006
  • Greil Marcus: The Shape of Things to Come: Prophecy and the American Voice September 2006
  • Wilson D. Miscamble: From Roosevelt to Truman: Potsdam, Hiroshima, and the Cold War, September 2006
  • Eva Plach: Clash of Moral Nations: Cultural Politics in Pilsudski’s Poland, 1926-1935, September 2006
  • Ryan Sager: The Elephant in the Room: Libertarians, the Christian Right, and the Looming Battle for the Soul of the Republican Party, September 2006
  • James E. Wise: Women at War: Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Conflicts, September 2006
  • Rodric Braithwaite: Moscow 1941: A City and Its People at War, September 26, 2006
APPOINTED:
  • Joshua Micah Marshall: Blogger with history background becomes Time columnist – HNN, 7-20-06
  • Daryl Black: Assumes Duties As History Museum Curator at the Chattanooga Regional History Museum – The Chattanoogan, TN, 7-17-06
HONORED:
DEPARTED:

Posted on Sunday, July 23, 2006 at 6:45 PM

July 17. 2006

HNN STATS THIS WEEK:
THIS WEEK IN HISTORY:
  • 07-17-1821 – Spain cedes Florida to US
  • 07-17-1861 – Congress authorizes paper money
  • 07-17-1898 – Spanish American War-Spaniards surrender to US at Santiago Cuba
  • 07-17-1929 – USSR drops diplomatic relations with China
  • 07-17-1936 – Military uprising under Gen Franco/begins Spanish civil war
  • 07-17-1945 – Potsdam Conference (FDR, Stalin, Churchill) holds 1st meeting
  • 07-17-1980 – Ronald Reagan formally accepts Republican nomination for president
  • 07-17-1981 – Israeli bombers destroy PLO/al-Fatah headquarters in Beirut
  • 07-18-1768 – Boston Gazette publishes “Liberty Song,” America’s 1st patriotic song
  • 07-18-1853 – Completion of Grand Trunk Line, trains begin running over 1st North American railroad between Portland, Maine and Montreal
  • 07-18-1864 – President Lincoln asks for 500,000 volunteers for milt service
  • 07-18-1940 – Democratic Convention nominates FDR for a 3rd term
  • 07-18-1947 – President Truman signs Presidential Succession Act
  • 07-18-1947 – British seize “Exodus 1947” ship of Jewish immigrants to Palestine
  • 07-18-1964 – Race riot in Harlem (NYC); riots spread to Bedford-Stuyvesant (Bkln)
  • 07-19-1866 – Tennessee is 1st to ratify 14th Amendment, guaranteeing civil rights
  • 07-19-1867 – Reconstruction enacted
  • 07-19-1941 – British PM Winston Churchill launched his “V for Victory” campaign
  • 07-20-1749 – Earl of Chesterfield says “Idleness is only refuge of weak minds”
  • 07-20-1861 – Confederate state’s congress began holding sessions in Richmond, Va
  • 07-20-1944 – Pres FDR nominated for an unprecedented 4th term at Democratic convention
  • 07-20-1949 – Israel’s 19 month war of independence ends
  • 07-20-1982 – Bombs planted by Irish Republican Army explode in 2 London parks
  • 07-21-1588 – English fleet defeats Spanish armada
  • 07-21-1669 – John Lockes Constitution of English colony Carolina approved
  • 07-21-1861 – 1st major battle of Civil War ends (Bull Run), Va-South wins
  • 07-21-1925 – Monkey Trial ends-John Scopes found guilty of teaching Darwinism
  • 07-21-1949 – Senate ratifies North Atlantic Treaty by a vote of 82-13 (NATO)
  • 07-21-1962 – 160 civil right activists jailed after demonstration in Albany Ga
  • 07-22-1587 – 2nd English colony forms on Roanoke Island off NC
  • 07-22-1775 – George Washington takes command of US troops
  • 07-22-1893 – Katharine Lee Bates writes “America the Beautiful,” in Colorado
  • 07-22-1937 – Senate rejects FDR proposal to enlarge Supreme Court
  • 07-22-1942 – Warsaw Ghetto Jews (300,000) are sent to Treblinka extermination Camp
  • 07-22-1943 – US forces led by Gen George Patton liberate Palermo Sicily
  • 07-22-1975 – House of Reps votes to restore citizenship to Gen Robert E Lee
  • 07-23-1664 – 4 British ships to drive Dutch out of NY, arrive in Boston
  • 07-23-1840 – Union Act passed by British Parliament, uniting Upper and Lower Canada
  • 07-23-1840 – Union Act passed by British Parliament, uniting Upper and Lower Canada
  • 07-23-1940 – “Blitz” all-night air raid by German bombers on London begins
  • 07-23-1959 – VP Richard Nixon begins visit on USSR
BIGGEST STORIES:
  • Michael Oren: Lebanon conflict a perilous gamble Israel-Hezbollah fight may draw in new combatants – Chicago Tribune, 7-16-06
IN THE NEWS:
REVIEWED AND FIRST CHAPTERS:
  • Michael Kazin on Debby Applegate: The Gospel of Love The Most Famous Man in AmericaNYT, 7-16-06
  • Debby Applegate: The Most Famous Man in America, First Chapter – NYT, 7-16-06
  • John Strausbaugh: The All-American Skin Game Americans’ racial obsessions, on page, stage and screen BLACK LIKE YOU Blackface, Whiteface, Insult & Imitation in American Popular CultureWashington post, 7-16-06
  • Rodney Bolt: Lorenzo’s Toil How the son of an impoverished leatherworker came to write Mozart’s libretti THE LIBRETTIST OF VENICE Washington post, 7-16-06
  • Douglas Brinkley, Jed Horne: Witnesses of Katrina Three books examine the wrath and the aftermath – Biloxi Sun Herald,, 7-16-06
  • Yosef Gorny: Which Jewish State? Converging Alternatives: The Bund and the Zionist Labor Movement, 1897-1985 Forward, 7-14-06
  • Linda Colley: Empire as a Way of Life – The nation, 7-13-06
OP-ED:
  • Andrew Stephen: Georgetown’s Hidden History First, it was a slave port. Later, it was a thriving center of black life. Today, it’s a virtually all-white enclave. Why? – Washington Post, 7-16-06
  • Gil Troy: Israeli attacks followed months, even years, of provocation Jewish state deserves praise for its restraint not condemnation for its actions – The Montreal Gazette, 7-15-06
  • Sean Wilentz on Richard Hofstadter: His strong engagement in politics – the New Republic, 7-10-06
  • Daniel Pipes vs. Michael Massing – Daniel Pipes’s blog, 7-13-06
  • David N. Myers: The Middle East’s Symbolic Slugfest – LA Times, 7-14-06
PROFILED:
  • Fernando Arcas Cubero: HISTORIAN AND PROFESSOR OF HISTORY AT MALAGA UNIVERSITY – Sur, Spain, 7-16-06
  • Kevin Krause: Suburbia a rich source of scholarship for Princeton historian – 7-10-06
  • George Hofmann: Award-winning historian releases fourth book – Community Press, 7-12-06
INTERVIEWED:
FEATURE:
QUOTED:
  • Don Ritchie, an associate historian for the U.S. Senate on Deborah Pryce May Pay a Price for Her Role as a House Republican Leader: “It’s the problem you have as a party leader: The nation is watching you, and contributions are flowing to your opponent from people who don’t like you and want to remove you. It can be an extra burden rather than an extra glory.” – Bllomberg, 7-13-06
  • Michael Dugan on Mike Huckabee contemplating a run for the Republican presidential nomination: “The advantage of Huckabee was that he did not come from northwest Arkansas. The regionalization of the party could be its undoing once Huckabee and Rockefeller are no longer on the scene. The Republican Party from northwest Arkansas may be singing to its Taliban choir up there, but it’s not going to carry extensively around the state.” – Arkansas News, 7-16-06
SPOTTED:
EVENTS CALENDER:
ON TV:
  • History Channel coming in November 2006: Desperate Crossing: the Untold Story of the Mayflower –
  • C-Span2, BookTV: Book TV presents Colby Buzzell and Yasmine El-Shamayleh On the Ground in Iraq, Sunday, July 16 at 10:00 pm – C-Span2, BookTV
  • History Channel: “True Caribbean Pirates,” Sunday, July 16, @ 6pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Return of the Pirates,” Sunday, July 16, @ 8pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “The Revolution 07 – Treason & Betrayal,” Sunday, July , @ 10pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Lost Worlds Knights Templar,” Sunday, July 16, @ 11pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Lost Worlds Atlantis,” Monday, July 17, @ 9pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Deep Sea Detectives Loch Ness: Great Monster Mystery,” Monday, July 17, @ 11pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Stalin: Man of Steel,” Tuesday, July 18, @ 3pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Mega Disasters Tornado Alley Twister,” Tuesday, July 18, @ 5pm ET/PT
  • Discovery Channel: “Decisions that Shook the World: LBJ and the Civil Rights Movement,” July 19, @ 8pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Alaska: Dangerous Territory,” Wednesday, July 19, @ 9pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Alaska: Big America,” Wednesday, July 19, @ 10pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Mega Disasters,” Marathon Saturday, July 22, @ 1-7pm ET/PT
SELLING BIG (NYT):
  • Ron Suskind: THE ONE PERCENT DOCTRINE Deep Inside America’s Pursuit of Its Enemies Since 9/11, #3, (3 weeks on list) – 7-23-06
  • Nathaniel Philbrick: Mayflower, #6, (7 weeks on list) – 7-23-06
  • Jon Meacham: American Gospel, #15, (3 weeks on list) – 7-23-06
  • James L. Swanson: Manhunt The 12-Day Chase for Lincoln’s Killer, #18 – 7-23-06
  • David Maraniss: Clemente: The Passion and Grace of Baseball’s Last Hero, #30 – 7-23-06
  • Mark Bowden: Guests of the Ayatollah, #31 – 7-23-06
  • William J. Bennett: America: The Last Best Hope, Vol. I, #35 – 7-23-06
FUTURE RELEASES:
  • Peter Wallsten: One Party Country: The Republican Plan for Dominance in the 21st Century, July 2006
  • Mark A. Graber: Dred Scott and the Problem of Constitutional Evil, July 2006
  • David B. Magleby, editor: Dancing Without Partners: How Candidates, Parties, and Interest Groups Interact in the Presidential Campaign, July 2006
  • Wayne Curtis: And a Bottle of Rum: A History of the New World in Ten Cocktails, July 25, 2006
  • Thomas E. Ricks: Fiasco: The American Military Adventure in Iraq, July 25, 2006
  • Nigel Bagnall: Peloponnesian War: Athens, Sparta and the Struggle for Greece, July 25, 2006
  • Juan Williams: Enough: The Phony Leaders, Dead-End Movements, and Culture of Failure That Are Undermining Black America–and What We Can Do about It, August 1, 2006
  • Lawrence Wright: The Looming Tower: Al-Qaeda and the Road to 9/11, August 8, 2006
  • Mark Schleifstein: Path of Destruction: The Destruction of New Orleans and the Coming Age of Superstorms, August 2006
  • Judith Hicks Stiehm: Champions for Peace: Women Winners of the Nobel Peace Prize, August 2006
  • Mark Grotelueschen: AEF Way of War: The American Army and Combat in World War I, August 2006
  • Jim Powell: Bully Boy: The Truth about Theodore Roosevelt’s Legacy, August 8, 2006
  • John Botte: Aftermath: Unseen 9/11 Photos by a New York City Cop, August 22, 2006
  • Zahi A. Hawass: Mountains of the Pharaohs: The Untold Story of the Pyramid Builders, August 22, 2006
  • Robert Young Pelton: Licensed to Kill: Hired Guns in the War on Terror, August 29, 2006
  • Edward P. Crapol: John Tyler: The Accidental President, September 2006
  • Marion V. Creekmore: A Moment of Crisis: The Inside Story of Jimmy Carter in North Korea, September 2006
  • Charles W. Calhoun: Conceiving a New Republic: The Republican Party and the Southern Question, 1869-1900, September 2006
  • Nicholas Lemann: Redemption: The Last Battle of the Civil War, September 2006
  • Greil Marcus: The Shape of Things to Come: Prophecy and the American Voice September 2006
  • Wilson D. Miscamble: From Roosevelt to Truman: Potsdam, Hiroshima, and the Cold War, September 2006
  • Eva Plach: Clash of Moral Nations: Cultural Politics in Pilsudski’s Poland, 1926-1935, September 2006
  • Ryan Sager: The Elephant in the Room: Libertarians, the Christian Right, and the Looming Battle for the Soul of the Republican Party, September 2006
  • James E. Wise: Women at War: Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Conflicts, September 2006
  • Rodric Braithwaite: Moscow 1941: A City and Its People at War, September 26, 2006
APPOINTED:
HONORED:
DEPARTED:
  • Thomas Clark: History through historian’s memoirs Luncheon today will celebrate launch of late Thomas Clark’s last book – Kentucky.com, 7-14-06

Posted on Sunday, July 16, 2006 at 7:56 PM

July 10, 2006

HNN STATS THIS WEEK:
THIS WEEK IN HISTORY:
  • 07-10-1040 Lady Godiva rides naked on horseback to force her husband, the Earl of Mercia, to lower taxes
  • 07-10-1460 Wars of Roses: Richard of York defeats King Henry VI at Northampton
  • 07-10-1775 Horatio Gates, issues order excluding blacks from Continental Army
  • 07-10-1832 Andrew Jackson battles Biddle’s Bank of the United States
  • 07-10-1919 Pres Wilson personally delivers Treaty of Versailles to Senate
  • 07-10-1925 Jury selection took place in John T. Scopes evolution trial
  • 07-10-1940 Battle of Britain began as Nazi forces attacked by air (114 days)
  • 07-10-1943 Allies land on Sicily
  • 07-11-1656 First Quaker colonists land at Boston
  • 07-11-1864 Confederate forces led by Gen J Early begin invasion of Wash DC
  • 07-11-1804 Aaron Burr slays Alexander Hamiliton in duel
  • 07-11-1905 Niagara Movement founded by WEB Dubois
  • 07-11-1945 Soviets agree to hand over power in West Berlin
  • 07-11-1944 FDR says he would run for a 4th term
  • 07-11-1952 Gen Eisenhower nominated as Republican presidential candidate
  • 07-11-1974 House Judiciary Committee releases evidence on Watergate inquiry
  • 07-11-1977 Medal of Freedom awarded posthumously to Rev Martin Luther King Jr
  • 07-12-1290 Jews are expelled from England by order of King Edward I
  • 07-12-1812 US forces led by Gen Hull invade Canada (War of 1812)
  • 07-12-1862 Congress authorizes Medal of Honor
  • 07-12-1920 Panama Canal opens
  • 07-12-1944 US govt recognizes authority of General De Gaulle
  • 07-12-1957 US Surgeon Gen Leroy Burney connects smoking with lung cancer
  • 07-12-1966 Race riot in Chicago
  • 07-12-1967 Blacks in Newark, riot, 26 killed, 1500 injured and over 1000 arrested
  • 07-12-1974 John Ehrlichman convicted of violating Daniel Ellsberg’s rights
  • 07-12-1984 Geraldine Ferraro, NY becomes 1st woman major-party VP candidate
  • 07-13-1643 Battle at Roundway Down: Royalists beat parliamentary armies
  • 07-13-1787 Congress establishes Northwest Territory (excludes slavery)
  • 07-13-1863 Anti-draft mobs lynch blacks in NYC; about 1,000 die
  • 07-13-1930 Sarnoff reports in NY Times “TV would be a theater in every home”
  • 07-13-1943 Greatest tank battle in history ends with Russia’s defeat of Germany at Kursk, almost 6,000 tanks take part, 2,900 were lost by Germany
  • 07-13-1977 NYC experiences 25 hr black-out
  • 07-13-1985 “Live Aid” concert raises over $70 million for African famine relief
  • 07-14-1822 Slave revolt in SC under Denmark Vesey/Peter Poyas
  • 07-14-1845 Fire in NYC destroys 1,000 homes and kills many
  • 07-14-1945 Battleship USS South Dakota is 1st US ship to bombard Japan
  • 07-14-1946 Mass murder on Jews in Kielce Poland
  • 07-14-1976 Jimmy Carter wins Democratic pres nomination in NYC
  • 07-14-1987 Lt Col Oliver North concludes 6 days of Congressional testimony
  • 07-15-1099 1st Crusaders capture, plunder Jerusalem
  • 07-15-1662 England’s King Charles II charters Royal Society in London
  • 07-15-1815 Napoleon captured and surrendered and is later exiled on St Helena
  • 07-15-1830 3 Indian tribes, Sioux, Sauk and Fox, signs a treaty giving the US most of Minnesota, Iowa and Missouri
  • 07-15-1870 Hudson’s Bay and Northwest Territories transferred to Canada
  • 07-15-1948 Pres Truman nominated for another term (Phila)
  • 07-15-1958 Pres Eisenhower sends US troops to Lebanon; they stay 3 months
  • 07-15-1971 Pres Nixon announces he would visit People’s Rep of China
  • 07-15-1987 John Poindexter testifies at Iran-Contra hearings
  • 07-15-1991 US troops leave northern Iraq
  • 07-16-1429 Joan of Arc leads French army in Battle of Orleans
  • 07-16-1790 Congress establishes District of Columbia
  • 07-16-1861 Battle of Bull Run, the 1st major battle of the Civil War, is fought
  • 07-16-1945 1st atomic bomb detonated, Trinity Site, Alamogordo, New Mexico
  • 07-16-1969 Apollo 11, carrying 1st men to land on Moon, launched
  • 07-16-1980 Ronald Reagan nominated for Pres by Republicans in Detroit
BIGGEST STORIES:
IN THE NEWS:
REVIEWED AND FIRST CHAPTERS:
  • David Oshinsky on Douglas Brinkley and Jed Horne: Hurricane Katrina Books Hell and High Water – NYT, 7-9-06
  • Douglas Brinkley: The Great Deluge, First Chapter – NYT, 7-9-06
  • Debby Applegate: The Gospel of Love By the 1850s, an inspiring Brooklyn preacher was breaking new ground in celebrity and faith THE MOST FAMOUS MAN IN AMERICA The Biography of Henry Ward BeecherWashington Post, 7-9-06
  • Jeffrey Rosen: Majority Rules A scholar argues that the judiciary should hew toward mainstream opinions THE MOST DEMOCRATIC BRANCH How the Courts Serve AmericaWashington Post, 7-9-06
  • Geoffrey Hosking: Professor looks at the dilemma of Soviet Union RULERS AND VICTIMS: The Russians in the Soviet UnionCharleston Post Courier, 7-2-06
  • James Green: Haymarket historian Putting labor movement riot into context 120 years later Death in The Haymarket: A Story of Chicago, the First Labor Movement and the Bombing That Divided Gilded Age Americanwitimes.com, 7-5-06
OP-ED:
PROFILED:
  • Robert Skidelsky: Profiled as he leaves academia for big business – Guardian, 7-4-06
INTERVIEWED:
FEATURE:
QUOTED:
  • Gil Troy on Open Race Raises Names For Election 2008: “What makes 2008 so interesting is that we have a completely wide-open field in the age of totally democratized primaries….To have that kind of chaos on both sides is really quite destabilizing.” – AP, 7-5-06
EVENTS CALENDER:
  • July 11, 2006: The city of Negaunee will be holding its 27th annual Pioneer Days Russell Magnaghi presents “History of food origins in Marquette County” and John Anderton presents “Native Americans and the discovery of Iron Ore in Negaunee” at the Negaunee History Museum – Marquette Mining Journal, MI, 7-9-06
  • July 25, 2006: Richard Labunski speaking about his new book James Madison and the Struggle for the Bill of Rights @ Joseph-Beth Booksellers in Lexington at 7 p.m – UK News – Kentucky, 6-20-06
ON TV:
  • C-Span2, BookTV: Book TV presents David Oshinsky Polio: An American Story, Sunday, July 9 at 7:00 pm and Monday, July 10 at 5:00 am – C-Span2, BookTV
  • C-Span2, BookTV: Book TV presents Ronald Kessler Laura Bush: An Intimate Portrait of the First Lady, Monday, July 10 at 12:30 am – C-Span2, BookTV
  • History Channel: “True Caribbean Pirates,” Sunday, July 9, @ 8pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “The Revolution Forging an Army,” Sunday, July 9, @ 10pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Modern Marvels Pirate Tech,” Sunday, July 9, @ 11pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Modern Marvels The Colosseum,” Monday, June 10, @ 1 and 7pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Lost Worlds Knights Templar,” Monday, June 10, @ 9pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Digging for the Truth The Da Vinci Code: Bloodlines,” Monday, June 10, @ 10pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Deep Sea Detectives Blackbeard’s Mystery Ship,” Monday, June 10, @ 11pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Digging for the Truth Hunt for the Lost Ark,” Wednesday, July 12, @ 12 and 6pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Weird U.S. History or Hoax?,” Wednesday, July 12, @ 5pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “True Caribbean Pirates,” Wednesday, July 12, @ 9pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Shootout Hunt for Bin Laden,” Thursday, July 13, @ 2pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Ancient Discoveries Ancient Discoveries: Ancient Computer?,” Thursday, July 13, @ 8pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Tales of the FBI The Kansas City Massacre,” Friday, July 14, @ 4pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Illuminating Angels & Demons,” Friday, July 14, @ 6pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Decoding The Past,” Marathon Saturday, July 15, @ 1-5pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Modern Marvels Ben Franklin Tech,” Saturday, July 15, @ 7pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Decoding The Past Ten Commandments, Part 1,” Saturday, July 8, @ 6pm ET/PT
SELLING BIG (NYT):
  • Ron Suskind: THE ONE PERCENT DOCTRINE Deep Inside America’s Pursuit of Its Enemies Since 9/11, #3, (2 weeks on list) – 7-16-06
  • Nathaniel Philbrick: Mayflower, #7, (8 weeks on list) – 7-16-06
  • Mark Bowden: Guests of the Ayatollah, #18 – 7-16-06
  • James L. Swanson: Manhunt The 12-Day Chase for Lincoln’s Killer, #19 – 7-16-06
  • William J. Bennett: America: The Last Best Hope, Vol. I, #22 – 7-16-06
  • David Maraniss: Clemente: The Passion and Grace of Baseball’s Last Hero, #29 – 7-16-06
  • Douglas Brinkley: The Great Deluge, #33 – 7-16-06
FUTURE RELEASES:
  • Peter W. Galbraith: End of Iraq: How the United States Unintentionally Broke Up Iraq and Changed the Middle East, July 2006
  • Richard Labunski: James Madison and the Struggle for the Bill of Rights, July 2006
  • Peter Wallsten: One Party Country: The Republican Plan for Dominance in the 21st Century, July 2006
  • Jed Horne: Breach of Faith: Hurricane Katrina and the Near Death of a Great American City, July 11, 2006
  • Orhan Pamuk: Istanbul: Memories and the City, July 11, 2006
  • John Man: Attila: The Barbarian King Who Challenged Rome, July 11, 2006
  • Sally Denton: Faith and Betrayal: A Pioneer Woman’s Passage in the American West, July 11, 2006
  • John Dean: Conservatives Without Conscience, July 11, 2006
  • Thomas E. Ricks: Fiasco: The American Military Adventure in Iraq, July 25, 2006
  • Mark A. Graber: Dred Scott and the Problem of Constitutional Evil, July 2006
  • Ryan Sager: The Elephant in the Room: Libertarians, the Christian Right, and the Looming Battle for the Soul of the Republican Party, September 2006
  • Nicholas Lemann: Redemption: The Last Battle of the Civil War, September 2006
  • David Bodanis: Passionate Minds: The Great Love Affair of the Enlightenment, Featuring the Scientist Emilie du Chatelet, the Poet Voltaire, Swordfights, Bookburnings, Assorted Kings, Seditiou, October 3, 2006
APPOINTED:
  • Adam Goodheart: New director of the C.V. Starr Center for the Study of the American Experience – Press Release, 7-5-06
HONORED:
  • Francis C. Oakley: Received an Honorary Doctor of Laws degree from the University of Notre Dame – Berkshire Eagle, 7-9-06
DEPARTED:

Posted on Sunday, July 9, 2006 at 7:23 PM

July 3, 2006

HNN STATS THIS WEEK:
THIS WEEK IN HISTORY:
  • 07-03-1775 Washington assumes command
  • 07-03-1863 Pickett leads his infamous charge at Gettysburg
  • 07-03-1863 Lee defeated at Gettysburg
  • 07-04-1776 U.S. approves Declaration of Independence
  • 07-04-1826 Death of the founding fathers, John Adams and Thomas Jefferson
  • 07-04-1863 Surrender of Vicksburg
  • 07-04-1914 Griffith begins filming Birth of a Nation
  • 07-05-1865 Salvation Army founded
  • 07-05-1950 First U.S. fatality in the Korean War
  • 07-05-1959 U.S. visitors to Soviet exhibition in New York express their feelings
  • 07-06-1955 Diem says South Vietnam not bound by Geneva Agreements
  • 07-06-1967 Civil war in Nigeria
  • 07-07-1797 The impeachment of Senator Blount
  • 07-07-1863 Kit Carson’s campaign against the Indians
  • 07-07-1896 Democrats take on gold standard
  • 07-07-1981 Sandra Day O’Connor nominated to Supreme Court
  • 07-07-2005 Terrorists attack London transit system at rush hour
  • 07-08-1776 The Liberty Bell rings out from the tower of the Pennsylvania State House summoning citizens to the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence, by Colonel John Nixon
  • 07-08-1853 Commodore Perry sails into Tokyo Bay
  • 07-08-1950 MacArthur named Korean commander
  • 07-09-1846 U.S. takes San Francisco
  • 07-09-1850 President Taylor dies of cholera
  • 07-09-1960 Khrushchev and Eisenhower trade threats over Cuba
  • 07-09-1993 Romanov remains identified
BIGGEST STORIES:
  • Sean Wilentz: Worst President In History? Bush’s most dangerous legacy is the erosion of America’s vaunted traditions of civil rights and liberties – Reading Little India, 7-1-06
  • Timothy Naftali: The road from Guantanamo – Boston Globe, 6-30-06
  • Ward Churchill: Colorado chancellor “fire professor” – CNN, 6-26-06
IN THE NEWS:
REVIEWED AND FIRST CHAPTERS:
OP-ED:
  • Mary Beth Norton: History Under Construction in Florida – NYT, 7-2-06
  • Jane Mayer: The Hidden Power The legal mind behind the White House’s war on terror – New Yorker, 7-03-06
  • Theodore L. Gatchel: Democrats’ ‘metrics’ — Who decides that a war is lost? – Providence Journal, 7-2-06
PROFILED:
INTERVIEWED:
FEATURE:
  • RICHARD LACAYO: The 20th Century Express At home and abroad, Theodore Roosevelt was the locomotive President, the man who drew his flourishing nation into the future – Time, 07-3-06
  • Christopher Phelps: Sets the record straight about Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle – Scott McLemee in Inside Higher Ed, 6-28-06
QUOTED:
  • David Garrow on the Early Supreme Court Consensus Fades: “We’re almost certain to see next term an emphasis on those areas, namely abortion and race, where Kennedy is measurably more conservative than O’Connor in ways that likely will be utterly decisive.” – AP, 7-02-06
SPOTTED:
EVENTS CALENDER:
  • July 4, 2006: Historical Society of PA, the National Archives July 4th panel on Thomas Paine’s legacy Robins Bookstore
  • July 25, 2006: Richard Labunski speaking about his new book James Madison and the Struggle for the Bill of Rights @ Joseph-Beth Booksellers in Lexington at 7 p.m – UK News – Kentucky, 6-20-06
ON TV:
  • C-Span2, BookTV: Book TV presents In Depth: Joyce Appleby, Monday, July 3 at 12:00 am – C-Span2, BookTV
  • History Channel: “The Revolution Boston, Bloody Boston,” Sunday, July 2, @ 6pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “The Revolution Rebellion to Revolution,” Sunday, July 2, @ 7pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “The Revolution Declaring Independence,” Sunday, July 2, @ 8pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “The Revolution American Crisis,” Sunday, July 2, @ 9pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “The Revolution Path to World War,” Sunday, July 2, @ 10pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Deep Sea Detectives Great Lakes Ghost Ship,” Monday, June 3, @ 10pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “The Revolution Boston, Bloody Boston,” Monday, July 3, @ 11pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Washington the Warrior,” Tuesday, July 4, @ 12 and 6pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “The Revolution Rebellion to Revolution,” Tuesday, July 4, @ 11pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Modern Marvels Ben Franklin Tech.,” Wednesday, July 5, @ 9pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “The Revolution Declaring Independence,” Wednesday, July 5, @ 11pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “The Irish in America,” Thursday, July 6, @ 2pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “The Revolution American Crisis,” Thursday, July 6, @ 11pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Shootout WWII: The Pacific,” Friday, July 7, @ 12 and 6pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “The Revolution Path to World War,” Friday, July 7, @ 11pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Ancient Marvels,” Marathon Saturday, July 8, @ 1-5pm ET/PT
  • History Channel: “Decoding The Past Ten Commandments, Part 1,” Saturday, July 8, @ 6pm ET/PT
SELLING BIG (NYT):
  • Ron Suskind: THE ONE PERCENT DOCTRINE Deep Inside America’s Pursuit of Its Enemies Since 9/11, #5, (1 week on list) – 7-09-06
  • Nathaniel Philbrick: Mayflower, #7, (7 weeks on list) – 7-09-06
  • William J. Bennett: America: The Last Best Hope, Vol. I, #18 – 7-09-06
  • Mark Bowden: Guests of the Ayatollah, #24 – 7-09-06
  • James L. Swanson: Manhunt The 12-Day Chase for Lincoln’s Killer, #25 – 7-09-06
  • David Maraniss: Clemente: The Passion and Grace of Baseball’s Last Hero, #26 – 7-09-06
FUTURE RELEASES:
  • Peter W. Galbraith: End of Iraq: How the United States Unintentionally Broke Up Iraq and Changed the Middle East, July 2006
  • Richard Labunski: James Madison and the Struggle for the Bill of Rights, July 2006
  • Peter Wallsten: One Party Country: The Republican Plan for Dominance in the 21st Century, July 2006
  • Ryan Sager: The Elephant in the Room: Libertarians, the Christian Right, and the Looming Battle for the Soul of the Republican Party, September 2006
  • Nicholas Lemann: Redemption: The Last Battle of the Civil War, September 2006
  • David Bodanis: Passionate Minds: The Great Love Affair of the Enlightenment, Featuring the Scientist Emilie du Chatelet, the Poet Voltaire, Swordfights, Bookburnings, Assorted Kings, Seditiou, October 3, 2006
HONORED:
DEPARTED:

Posted on Sunday, July 2, 2006 at 7:17 PM

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